At the start of the 21st century we celebrated the millennium of Leif
Ericson's discovery of Vinland in 1000 AD, as recorded in Old Norse sagas.
Vikings were the first Europeans to leave indisputable archaeological
evidence of their presence in North America. Today, the Viking fame lives
on in Minnesota.
In the year 1825, descendants of the Vikings started a much larger mass
migration from Norway to North America. A single-masted sloop sailed out
of Stavanger harbor on July 4, 1825, with 52 passengers on board. It arrived
in New York harbor on October 9, 1825, with 53 passengers — tiny
Margaret Allen Larsen had been born on the high seas. The sloop Restauration
was only half the size of the Puritans’ Mayflower. Her epic voyage
was the beginning of Norwegian mass migration to America. In the next
century, some 800,000 immigrants followed in sailing ships and transoceanic
steamers. Today, their Norwegian-American descendents number an estimated