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Some Recent Publications*
    compiled by Rolf H. Erickson with Norwegian listings by Helene Pran Grimsvang and Caroline S. Haslund (Volume 33: Page 309)

*The compiler is grateful to Roger D. Sween, Multitype Library Cooperation Specialist, Library Development and Services, Minnesota Department of Education, for his assistance in checking information and for adding a number of items to the bibliography.

BOOKS AND PAMPHLETS

Aavatsmark, O. S. Hans Barlien. En norsk bondefører. New ed., Steinkjer, Norway, 1987. 172 pp.
Originally appeared in 1954. Hans Barlien, a Norwegian peasant leader, emigrated to America in 1837.

Alfredson, James B. Newmann: The Pioneer Mentalist. Glenwood, Illinois, 1989. 88 pp.
Christian Andrew George Naeseth (1880-1952), also known as C. A. George Newmann, was born near Kenyon, Minnesota. As “Newmann the Great” he toured the Northwest and West Coast, and “his show of hypnotism, mentalism, and ‘fun and wonders’ meant first-class entertainment.” Newmann also claimed to have collected the largest collection of magic books in the Western hemisphere; he wrote Newmann’s Magical Library.

Allen, James Paul and Eugene James Turner. We the People: An Atlas of America’s Ethnic Diversity. New York, 1988. xii, 3l5pp.
Ethnic settlements in the United States based on the 1980 census. Those who claimed to be of Danish, Finnish, Norwegian and Swedish ancestry are included.

And All Our Yesterdays . . . 4: 1989, Spring Valley, Wisconsin. 114 pp.
Published by the Spring Valley Area chapter of the Pierce County Historical Association. Contains articles about Norwegian settlers.

And All Our Yesterdays . . 5: 1990, Spring Valley, Wisconsin. 71 pp.
Spring Valley and Martell township history (Pierce county) with an emphasis on local musicians including an article by Patricia Wiff, “Just Fiddlin’ Around.”

And All Our Yesterdays . . . 6: 1991, Spring Valley, Wisconsin. 88 pp.
An emphasis on Spring Valley and Gilman township (Pierce county) history.

Andersen, Arlow W. Rough Road to Glory: The Norwegian-American Press Speaks out on Public Affairs. 1875-1925. Philadelphia, 1988. 272 pp.
Published by the Balch Institute Press. “A study of thirty selected Norwegian-American newspapers with special reference to their editorial positions on public affairs from 1875 to 1925.”

Anderson, Philip J. and Dag Blanck, eds. Swedish-American Life in Chicago: Cultural and Urban Aspects of an Immigrant People. 1850-1930. Urbana, Illinois, 1992. 408 pp.
“A richly variegated picture of the amazingly vital and varied life of the Swedish community in the capital of America’s heartland.”

Beidler, Sandra J., comp. Guide to Norwegian Bygdebøker. Grand Forks, North Dakota, 1989. 78 pp.
The collection of the Norwegian community histories at the University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, is described.

Beito, Gretchen Urnes. Coya Come Home. Studio City, California. 352 pp.
“A study of the first woman Congress member from Minnesota, now enjoying restoration to prominence in her 70s.”

Biesanz, Mavis Hiltunen. Helmi Mavis: A Finnish American Childhood. St. Cloud, Minnesota, 1989. 199 pp.
Memories of growing up in northeastern Minnesota.

Biographical Directory of Clergy, Evangelical Lutheran Church of America. Minneapolis, 1988. 1498 pp.

Blanck, Dag and Harald Runblom. Swedish Life in American Cities. Uppsala, 1991. 131 pp.
Four essays on Chicago, Moline, and Rockford, Illinois; Winnipeg, Manitoba; and two essays on Swedish-American literature.

Bovre, Michael J. and Mary Ellen Christensen. Early Norwegian Settlers on Koshkonong Prairie 1839 1840 1841. Madison, Wisconsin, 1989. 31 pp.
Published by the Koshkonong Prairie Historical Society as the first of a series to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the arrival of the first Norwegians. Contains biographies, family recollections and photographs of first settlers.

Bradshaw, Nancy Smith and Frances Huckstep Hamilton. Velkommen til Norge: A Pictorial History of Norge, Virginia. 1989. 80 pp.
Shortly before the turn of the century, Norwegian-American Carl M. Berg, a Chesapeake and Ohio land agent, persuaded fellow Norwegian Americans in the Midwest to move east and settle in James City, York and New Kent counties; the majority settled around what is Norge. Illustrated and indexed.

Burton, William L. Melting Pot Soldiers: The Union’s Ethnic Regiments. Ames, Iowa, 1988. 282 pp.
“Civil War armies mirrored Civil War society.” German, Irish, Scots, French, and Scandinavian regiments are discussed.

Butcher-Younghans, Sherry. The American Swedish Institute: A Living Heritage. Minneapolis, 1989. 87 pp.
Lives of the Swan Turnblad family, the history of the Institute and the mansion which houses it as well as descriptions of the collections.

Carlsson, Sten. Swedes in North America, 1638-1988: Technical, Cultural, and Political Achievements. Stockholm, 1988. 136 pp.
“A basic survey of the Swedish presence on this continent since colonial times, emphasizing occupations, institutions, and both group and individual accomplishments.”

Chrislock, Carl H. Watchdog of Loyalty. The Minnesota Commission of Public Safety. St. Paul, 1991. 387 pp.

The Church in New Sweden. Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 1988. 153 pp.
Studies on the seven Swedish churches of Delaware in the seventeenth century including a translation by Oliver K. Olson of four songs sung by the colonists.

Circles of Tradition: Folk Arts in Minnesota. St. Paul, Minnesota, 1989. 164 pp.
Essays by Willard B. Moore, Marion J. Nelson, Colleen J. Sheey, Thomas Vennum, Jr., Johannes Riedel and M. Catherine Daly. 120 black and white photographs, 24 color photographs, and lists of folk arts and artists.

Cogill, Burgess. When God Was an Atheist Sailor: Memories of a Childhood at Sea. 1902-1910. New York, 1990. 190 pp.
“A Denmark-born naturalized American, A. H. Sorensen, captained sailing ships out of San Francisco for a quarter of a century.” His family accompanied him on many of the voyages. This memoir is by his eldest daughter.

Cole, Wayne W. Norway and the United States, 1905-1955: Two Democracies in Peace and War. Ames, Iowa, 1989. 221 pp.
“Designed to be a brief overview and introduction to this aspect of American foreign relations, the book is centered on the changes wrought in the two countries by two world wars and the beginnings of the Cold War. Three appendixes list the various heads of state and ambassadors between the two countries for the period, which began with Norway’s separation from Sweden.”

Dahlgren, Stellan and Hans Norman. The Rise and Fall of New Sweden: Governor Johan Risingh’s Journal 1654-1655 In Its Historical Context. Stockholm, 1988. 303 pp.
Published as Vol. 27 of the series “Acta Bibliothecae R. Universitatis Upsaliensis.”

Directory of Scandinavian Studies in North America. Edited by Robert B. Kvavik, Faith Ingwersen, Niels Ingwersen, and John Logue. Madison, Wisconsin, 1989. 280 pp.
Published for the Society for the Advancement of Scandinavian Study. “Lists over 500 individuals in North America engaged in teaching and research on Scandinavia.”

Eckstein, Neil T. The Marginal Man as Novelist: The Norwegian-American Writers, H. H. Boyesen and O. E. Rølvaag, as Critics of American Institutions. New York, 1990. 203 pp.
Published as part of Garland Publishing’s European Immigrants and American Society series. A chapter on Thorstein Veblen as a “marginal man” is included.

Edelman, Hendrik. The Dutch Language Press in America: Two Centuries of Printing, Publishing and Bookselling. Nieuwkoop, The Netherlands, 1986. 201 pp.
“A survey of the foreign press in America and a general description of the Dutch in America. There then follow capsule accounts of the Dutch press divided into six chronological periods, namely colonial, new immigrant settlements, 1865-1890, 1890-1910, 1910-1939, and 1940-1948.”

Eklund, Emmet E. His Name was Jonas: A Biography of Jonas Swensson. Rock Island, Illinois, 1988. 176 pp.
Jonas Swensson, a pastor who emigrated to the U.S. in 1856, became a central figure in the formation of the Augustana Synod.

Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History: Volume II. Øyvind T. Gulliksen, Ingeborg R. Kongslien, and Dina Tolfsby, eds. Oslo, 1990. 216 pp.
Published by the NAHA-Norway. Seventeen papers given at the Norwegian-American Studies Seminar held in Hamar June 26-29, 1989. The contents are listed individually by authors in the following section on articles.

Ferguson, Robert. Enigma: The Life of Knut Hamsun. New York, 1987. 453 pp.
Norwegian Nobel prize winner in literature who lived for a time in the United States.

Fiske, Arland O. The Scandinavian Spirit. Minot, North Dakota, 1989. 232 pp.
Essays on Scandinavian culture as well as immigration.

Folstad, Ardis Bakke. Vi hadde det godt her. Menominee, Wisconsin, 1987. 135 pp.
We had it good here. “A narrative account of pioneer experiences by a Norwegian family in Dunn county, Wisconsin.”

Gjersvik, Martin. De som dro fra Karmøy til America = Those Who Went from Karmøy to America. Åkrehamn, Norway, 1984. 126 pp.
Parallel Norwegian and English texts.

Goesslelman, Rosella, trans. Letters Written to Helge Gundersen Skare and Others From Friends & Relatives in America. Np., 1988. 45 pp.
Published by the Sigdalslag. The letters cover the period 1840 to 1871 written in America to the family in Eggedal, Norway.

Gudmundson, Wayne. Testaments in Wood: Finnish Log Structures at Embarrass, Minnesota. St. Paul, Minnesota, 1991. 83 pp.
Contains 45 photographs.

Hackly, Lloyd C. The Wooden-Shoe People: The Story of the Real Karl Oskar and Kristina. Minneapolis, 1986. 92 pp.
Illustrated history of the first Swedish settlement in Minnesota with chapters on early arrivals, founders, and memoirs and documents.

Hallaråker, Peter. The Nynorsk Language in the United States. Oslo, Norway, 1991. 164 pp.

Hansen, Thorvald, comp. Danish Immigrant Archival Listing: A Guide to Source Materials Related to the Danish Immigrant in America to be Found in Repositories in the United States, Canada, and Denmark. Des Moines, Iowa, 1988. 300 pp.
Listings from about 150 repositories of materials related to the Danish immigrant.

Haraldsø, Brynjar. Slaveridebatten i Den norske synode. En undersøkelse av slaveridebatten i Den norske synode i USA i 1860-årene med særlig vekt på debattens kirkelig-teologiske aspekter. Oslo, 1988. 477 pp.
The slavery debate in the Norwegian Synod in the United States in the 1860s with emphasis on the debate’s theological aspects within the church.

Haugen, Einar. Immigrant Idealist: A Literary Biography of Waldemar Ager. Northfield, Minnesota, 1989. 183 pp.
Published as number 7 of the NAHA Author Series. “Waldemar Ager, as editor and author, was one of the most original and influential men of letters among Norwegian Americans.” Dedicated to Clarence Clausen and Clarence Kilde.

Hauger, Torill Thorstad and Odd S. Lovoll. Den store Chicagoreisen. Oslo, 1988. 95 pp.
A family from Norway emigrates to Chicago. A fictionalized, but historically accurate, account centered on Norwegian immigrants who moved to Chicago at the time of the Columbian Exposition in 1893. Hauger is responsible for the fictional part of the book while Lovoll presents facts and historical perspectives.

Helgesen, Ole. Ole Helgesens dagbok/Ole Helgesen’s Diary 1872-1878/Tinn, Telemark/Calmar, Iowa. Edited by Øyvind Tveitereid Gulliksen. Bø, Telemark [1988]. 250 pp.
An emigrant teacher from Tinn, Telemark, settled in Calmar, Iowa, and kept a diary. English summary.

Helleland, Botolv, ed. Norsk språk i Amerika/Norwegian Language in America. Oslo, 1991. 232 pp. Vol III of the Norwegian-American Historical Association chapter in Norway.

Hill, Dennis Auburn. Norwegian Local History: A Bibliography of Material in the Collections of the Memorial Library, University of Wisconsin-Madison. Madison, Wisconsin, 1989. xiii, 125 pp.
“The largest collection of its kind in North America, the material includes ‘bygdebøker’ . . . as well as compendia, directories, anniversary volumes, publications of local history societies and traditional historical works totaling around 1300 titles.”

Hoerder, Dirk, ed. The Immigrant Labor Press in North America, 1840s-1970s: An Annotated Bibliography. Westport, Connecticut, 1987. 3 vols.
Bibliographies and indexes in American History, no. 8, published by Greenwood Press. Volume 1 deals with newspapers published by immigrants from Northern Europe panes, Swedes, Norwegians, Finns, and Icelanders), introductory material explaining the background and procedures of the project, and an essay by Hoerder analyzing overall immigration patterns and the development and role of the immigrant labor press.

Hoflund, Charles J. Getting Ahead: A Swedish Immigrant’s Reminiscences, 1834-1887. Edited by H. Arnold Barton. Carbondale, Illinois, 1989. 127 pp.
An immigrant from Djursdala Parish, Sweden, describes his home in Sweden, the journey and life in Illinois, Wisconsin and Nebraska from 1850.

Horton, Myles. An Autobiography by Myles Horton, with Judith Kohl and Herbert Kohl. Preface by Bill Moyers. New York, 1990. 231 pp.
Horton (1905-1990) founded the Highlander Folk School in Monteagle, Tennessee, on Danish folk school models which he studied in Denmark. “It may well be that Grundtvig’s educational ideas have found their most effective expression in this country through the efforts of Myles Horton.”

Huseboe, Arthur R. and Sandra Looney, eds. Growing Up in Siouxland. Sioux Falls, South Dakota, 1989. 74 pp.
Contains essays “about real and fictional children who lived in Siouxland during the pioneering era” including an essay by Solveig Zempel, “The Bi-Cultural World of Norwegian American Children in Immigrant Literature and Letters.”

Huseboe, Arthur R. An Illustrated History of the Arts in South Dakota. With a section on Sioux Indian arts by Arthur Amiotte. Sioux Falls, South Dakota, 1989. 396 pp.
Contains chapters on the Borgund stave church replica in Sioux Falls; the Grieg Male Chorus, Canton; Norwegian immigrant fiddler Jarle Foss of Scotland, South Dakota; Solon Borglum, Gutzum Borglum (and Mount Rushmore); and Ole Rølvaag.

Jarvenpa, Aili and Michael G. Karni, eds. Graphics by Oili Mäki. Sampo: the Magic Mill: A Collection of Finnish-American Writing. Minneapolis, 1989. 406 pp.
“Contains poetry, short fiction, personal essays, memoirs, and translations that reflect the experiences of Finnish immigrants and subsequent generations.”

Johnson, Eva Marie. I Too Shall Wear Purple. New York, 1987. 288 pp.
Danish Americans in Brush, Colorado.

Johnson, Hank. The Corporate Dream: Making It Big In Business. New York, 1990. 218 pp.
Johnson, born in Humboldt Park, Chicago, of Norwegian immigrants became “the man who turned Spiegel into the nation’s #1 catalog.” He briefly credits his parents for the values they gave him.

Johnson, William A. O Boundless Salvation. New York, 1988. 130 pp.
“Traces the development of the Scandinavian Salvation Army from its beginnings in Brooklyn in 1887 up to 1965 when the Nordic branch of the Army was merged into the American Salvation Army.”

Jonassen, Astrid Rye and Dina Tolfsby, comps. The Norseman. Forfatter-register og emne register 1964-1988. Oslo, 1989. [136] pp.
Subject, author and titles in one index for 1964-1986; separate subject and author indexes for 1987-1988.

Jordan, Terry G. and Matti Kaups. The American Backwoods Frontier: An Ethnic and Ecological Interpretation. Baltimore, Maryland, 1989. xii, 340 pp.
An anthropological study of Finnish-American contributions to the Delaware River region in New Jersey.

Jørgensen, Steffen Elmer, Lars Scheving, and Niels Peter Stilling, eds. From Scandinavia to America: Proceedings from a Conference held at G[amme]l, Holtegaard. Odense, Denmark, 1987. 377 pp.
Twenty-one papers arranged under headings: The Danish Background; The Emigration Traffic; Scandinavian Settlement and Assimilation in the Mid-West; and Communication.

Karni, Michael G., Olavi Koivukangas, and Edward W. Lame, eds. Finns in North America: Proceedings of Finn Forum III 5-8 September 1984; Turku, Finland. Turku, Finland, 1988. xi, 528 pp.

Keil, Hartmut and John B. Jentz, eds. German Workers in Chicago: A Documentary History of Working-Class Culture from 1850 to World War I. Urbana, Illinois, 1988. 427 pp.
An anthology of diverse documents including excerpts from books, official reports, and letters from immigrants to relatives in Germany. “German immigrants transmitted to America a number of traditions which decisively affected the development of the American labor movement.”

Kivisto, Peter and Dag Blanck, eds. American Immigrants and Their Generations: Studies and Commentaries on the Hansen Thesis After Fifty Years. Urbana, Illinois, 1990. 222 pp.
Nine papers given at a conference held at Augustana College in Rock Island, Illinois, in April 1987 by John Higham, Thomas J. Archdeacon, Moses Rischin, Philip Gleason, Nathan Glazer, H. Arnold Barton, Victor Greene and Fred Matthews with an introductory essay by Peter Kivisto, “Ethnicity and the Problem of Generations in American History.”

Kivisto, Peter, ed. The Ethnic Enigma: the Salience of Ethnicity for European-Origin Groups. Philadelphia, 1989. 183 pp.
Seven essays about Americans from Italy, Hungary, Finland, Croatia, Greece, Sweden and the Netherlands as well as an essay, “Overview: Thinking about Ethnicity,” by the editor.

Kjelland, Arnfinn, comp. Emigranter fra Lesja 1853-1949. Lesja, Norway, 1989. 282 pp.
“A computer printout of the 2,292 persons who emigrated from the region of Lesja.”

Kongslien, Ingeborg R. Draumen om fridom og jord. Oslo, 1989. 314 pp.
The dream about freedom and land. An examination of the novels of Johan Boyer, O. E. Rølvaag, Vilhelm Moberg and Alfred Hauge. Figures in the novels “pursued a common dream of freedom with social, religious and material implications . . . land became a major symbol for the freedoms sought.”

Lagerquist, L. DeAne. From Our Mothers’ Arms: A History of Women in the American Lutheran Church. Foreword by Martin E. Marty. Minneapolis, 1987. 221 pp.

Lagerquist, L. DeAne. In America the Men Milk the Cows: Factors of Gender, Ethnicity, and Religion in the Americanization of Norwegian-American Women. Preface by Martin E. Marty. Brooklyn, New York, 1991. 255 pp.

Larsen, Eric. An American Memory. Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 1988. 240 pp.
“A poetic evocation of the external and interior landscapes of the American Midwest, as they are explored by the members of one family (descendants of Norwegian pioneers who settled in Minnesota) over the course of three generations - from the 1 800s to the present.” The novel is the winner of the 1988 Chicago Tribune Heartland Prize.

Larsson, Gunnila and Eva Tedenmyr. Foreword by H. Arnold Barton. Svenskt tryck i Nordamerika: katalog over Tell G. Dahllöfs samling: Swedish-American Imprints: A Catalogue of the Tell G. Dahllöf Collection. Stockholm, 1988. 387 pp.
The collection of 10,000 volumes collected by Dahllöf has been acquired by the University of Minnesota. Entries are arranged by subjects with headings in English.

Leclaire Centennial 1890-1990: the Historic Cooperative Village of Leclaire: Edwardsville, Illinois by Robert and Mary Blain. Edwardsville, Illinois, 1990. 61 pp.
Nelson Oliver Nelson (1844-1922) of Lillesand, Norway, established the N. O. Nelson Manufacturing Company and a model industrial village in southern Illinois.

Lindquist, Emory. G. N. Malm: A Swedish Immigrant’s Varied Career. Lindsborg, Kansas, 1989. 225 pp.
The story of Gustav Nathanial “Nat” Malm (1868-1928), an early Swedish-American leader in Lindsborg. He was author, artist, entrepreneur and a civic and community leader. Contains essays by Nils Hasselmo, Vernon Holm, and Dorothy Burton Skårdal as well as a short story by Malm translated by Bertil Van Boer.

Lovoll, Odd S., ed. Norwegian-American Studies, Vol. 32. Northfield, Minnesota, 1989. 297 pp.
Published by the Norwegian-American Historical Association and dedicated to the memory of Carlton C. Qualey. The contents are listed individually by authors in the following section on articles.

Luebke, Frederick C. Germans in the New World: Essays in the History of Immigration. Urbana, Illinois, 1990. 198 pp.
Ten essays, eight of which are reprints of articles published earlier. The ninth, “Turnerism, Social History and the Historiography of European Ethnic Groups in the United States,” and the tenth, “Three Centuries of Germans in America,” are new. One conclusion: “Behaviors and attitudes rooted in German ethnicity remained. Unidentified or submerged, they move silently into the behaviors and attitudes of middle-class America, especially in the states of the Midwest from Ohio west to the Great Plains.”

Lyneborg, Elisabeth. The Daring Dane: The Dream of Peter Lassen, the Man from Farum. New York, 1988. 122 pp.
A novel based on the life of a Danish immigrant who pioneered in California.

Martin, Philip. Rosemaling of the Upper Midwest: A Story of Region & Revival. Mount Horeb, Wisconsin, 1989. 94 pp.
The curator of the Wisconsin Folk Museum in Mount Horeb has “focused on key aspects of rosemaling as practiced in this country.”

Matteson, Jean M. and Edith M. Matteson. Blossoms of the Prairie: The History of the Danish Lutheran Churches in Nebraska. Introduction by Donald K. Watkins. Editor, part II, Otto G. Hoiberg. Lincoln, Nebraska, 1988. 247 pp.
“Comprehensive history of Danish Lutherans in Nebraska in the context of the settlement of the Great Plains.”

McDonald, Julie Jensen. Nils Discovers America: Adventures with Erik. Illustrated by Norma Wangsness. Iowa City, Iowa, 1990. 94 pp.
A children’s book in which the nisse Nils and young Erik together visit Vesterheim in Decorah, Iowa, Disney World, the Chapel in the Hills at Rapid City, South Dakota, the Norsk Høstfest in Minot, North Dakota, and Little Norway at Blue Mounds, Wisconsin.

McNab, Nora Stangland. The Beckoning. Minot, North Dakota, 1989. 261 pp.
An historical novel about Andreas Stangeland who emigrated on the Restauration in 1825.

Moberg, Vilhelm. The Unknown Swedes: A Book About Swedes and America, Past and Present. Translated and edited by Roger McKnight. Foreword by H. Arnold Barton. Carbondale, Illinois, 1988. 182 pp.
Nine essays based on newspaper articles written by Moberg in the 1950s about the descendants of Swedish pioneers whom Moberg met in the course of his research.

Møller, Arvid. Den ukjente krigen. Oslo, 1990. 123 pp.
The unknown war. In memory of Norwegian-American soldiers in the Pacific of World War II.

Mussari, Mark. The Danish Americans. New York, 1988. 109 pp.
Intended for younger readers and for purchase by high school libraries.

Neal, Mary Elizabeth and Elizabeth Weis. A Selected Bibliography to the Hardanger Fiddle: Norwegian Folk Music in the Life of Norwegians and Minnesotans. Merrifield, Minnesota, 1990. [9 pp.]
A list of sources for information, recordings, and videotapes as well as an annotated bibliography of books and articles.

Nilsen, Allan T. Svenskt i USA: Svenskt i New England, särskilt i New Britain - en kulturstudie. Gothenburg, Sweden, 1988. 126 pp.
“A sociological-historical study of the Swedes in New England, concentrating on New Britain, Connecticut.”

Nordahl, Per. De sålde sine penslar: om några svenska målare som emigrerade till USA. Stockholm, 1987. 134 pp.
They sold their brushes. About some Swedish contract painters who emigrated to the U.S.

Norman, Hans and Harald Runblom. Transatlantic Connections: Nordic Migration to the New World After 1800. Oslo, 1988. 335 pp.
“The interaction of an immigrant cultural heritage with an evolving American environment . . . the broad Nordic perspective offers for the first time a comprehensive comparative analysis of the transoceanic movement from the five Nordic Countries.”

Norse Heritage 1989 Yearbook. Stavanger, 1989. 163 pp.
Published by the Norwegian Emigration Center, Stavanger. Some of the eleven articles were delivered as papers at the Norwegian Emigration Festival held in Stavanger in June, 1986. The contents are listed individually by authors in the following section on articles.

Norse Heritage Volume II. Stavanger, 1991. 175 pp.
Published by the Norwegian Emigration Center, Stavanger. Twelve articles which are listed individually by authors in the following section on articles.

Norsk i Amerika. En historie om innvandring, Hamar, Lillehammer, Gjøvik. Hamar, Norway, 1989. 64 pp.
Catalog of the exhibition, “Norsk i Amerika,” held in Hamar, Lillehammer and Gjøvik in 1989, with 62 illustrations, several in color, of the objects and photographs in the exhibition. Articles on Norwegian-American folk art, paintings and drawings, and three pioneer photographers, Andreas Dahl, Herbjørn Gausta and Per Mæhlum.

Norway in America/Four exhibitions invited from Vesterheim for showing in Hamar/Lillehammer/Gjøvik/May 13-August 25 1989. Decorah, Iowa. 108 pp.
A lavishly illustrated catalog with essays by Marion Nelson, “Folk and Decorative Arts Before 1970,” “Folk and Decorative Arts After 1970,” and “Painting and Drawing 1860-1960” as well as an essay, “The Photography of Andrew Dahl,” by Darrell Henning and David Mandel.

Oldervoll, Svein. Vinland Gode. Ægirfararane ei utvandrarsogefrå 1837. Bergen, 1989. 195 pp.
An novel “based on the emigrant party that followed Ole Rynning to the ill fated Beaver Creek settlement. The novel contains both historical and fictitious characters.”

Olin, Karl-Gustav. Våra första amerikafarare. Historien om finlandssvenskarna i Nya Sverige. Jakobstad, Finland, 1988. 144 pp.
Our first American travelers, a history about the Finland Swedes in New Sweden.

Ostergren, Robert C. A Community Transplanted: The Trans-Atlantic Experience of a Swedish Immigrant Settlement in the Upper Middle West, 1835-1915. Madison, Wisconsin, 1988. xvi, 400 pp.
Uses historical geography to explore the chain migration from Rättvik parish of Dalarna province to a nine-township area of Isanti county, Minnesota.

Parsons, John. Norwegians in New Zealand: A Register of Norwegians Naturalized in New Zealand 1858-1948. Wellington, New Zealand. 1990. 36 pp.
“Lists names, ages, birthplaces, occupations and residences for over 1,000 immigrants; briefly lists other sources of information on individuals and contains a short bibliography on Norwegian-New Zealand immigration.”

Rodegard, Olaf. Amerikabrev. Nesbyen, Norway, 1988. 173 pp.
Rodegard of Hallingdal came to America in 1929 when he was 18 and remained for thirty-seven years. These letters were first published on cassettes (with Rodegard reading the letters himself) between 1984 and 1988 in the Hallingdal Lydavis published by the Lions’ Club of Hallingdal.

Ross, Carl and K. Marianne Wargelin Brown, eds. Women Who Dared: The History of Finnish American Women. St. Paul, Minnesota, 1986, 164 pp.
Eleven essays published by the Immigration History Research Center simultaneously with the first Reunion of Sisters, a conference of Finnish and Finnish-American women, held at the University of Minnesota in 1986.

Ruhnbro, Rune, ed. New Sweden in the New World, 1638-1655. Translated by Richard E. Fisher. Höganäs, Sweden, 1988. 169 pp.
Published in Swedish as Det Nya Sverige i Landet Amerika: Ett stormaktsdventyr 1638-1655. “A collection of essays by specialists, on topics assigned by the editor.”

Sather, Leland B. and Alan Swanson. Sweden. Oxford, 1987. 370 pp.
Volume 80 of the World Bibliographical Series. Annotated bibliography of 1,015 items, articles and books on Sweden, divided by topic headings such as history, language, society, and economy. A section, “Overseas Population” covers emigration and Swedes in North America. Indexed.

Schroder, Johan. Johan Schroder’s Travels in Canada. 1863. Translated by Orm Øverland. Montreal, Canada, 1989. 168 pp.
“The narrative of two months of travel that took the diarist, a Norwegian gentleman farmer, through Upper and Lower Canada within the course of one summer.” Its publication “created a great deal of interest in Canada among the Norwegian people.” Published in the McGill-Queens Studies in Ethnic History.

Scott, Larry E. The Swedish Texans. San Antonio, Texas, 1990. 288 pp.
5,000 Swedes emigrated to the plains and cities of Texas between 1838 and 1918.

Skoje, Leif and Anne Haugen Wagn. “ - for atfinde en blidere Skjebne”. Utvandringafrå Hjartdal til America. Sauland, Norway [1989]. 186 pp.
“ - To find a better lot.” Emigration from Hjartdal, Telemark to America.

Soike, Lowell J. Norwegian Americans and the Politics of Dissent 1880-1924. Northfield, Minnesota, 1991. 275 pp.

Stark, Bill. Pine Lake. Nashotah, Wisconsin, 1990. 268 pp.
A history of Pine Lake, the first permanent Swedish settlement in Wisconsin, settled in the fall of 1841 by a band led by Gustaf Unonius. Earlier editions appeared in 1952 and 1971.

Strom, Camilla Sperati. Carlo Sperati: The Grand Old Maestro. Edited by J. R. Christianson. Decorah, Iowa, 1988. 101 pp.
Bandmaster and teacher at Luther College. Illustrated. Indexed.

Sunde, Rasmus. Ein stad skal ein vera. Utvandringafrå Vik i Sogn. Vik i Sogn, Norway, 1989. 286 pp.
“A comprehensive statement about the emigration to America from Vik in Sogn.” Summary in English.

Swanson, Alan. Literature and the Immigrant Community: The Case of Arthur Landfors. Carbondale, Illinois, 1990. 111 pp.
“Discussion of the function of Swedish-American literature [and] a detailed consideration of the accomplished Swedish-American poet Arthur Landfors.”

Three Landsbergs: The Art of an Immigrant Family; An Exhibition Catalogue Published by Vesterheim as Newsletter, Volume 25, Numbers 3-4, 1990. Decorah, Iowa. 13 pp.
From the exhibit of 1990 shown in Decorah and curated by Vesterheim Director Marion Nelson.

Tunheim, John R. A Scandinavian Saga: Pioneering in New Folden Township Marshall County, Minnesota 1882-1905. [Stillwater, Minnesota], 1984. 218 pp.
The settlers were mostly Norwegian with those from Gudbrandsdal and Jæren predominating. Well documented with bibliography, family history lists and index.

Tynset Bygdebok. Ed. by Bjarne Grandum. Elverum, Norway, 1988. 583 pp.
A chapter on emigration from Tynset uses selected persons to illustrate the variety of experiences.

Utvandrere fra østfold 1867-1901. Fredrikstad, Norway, 1988. 337 pp.
No. 9 in a series published by Østfold historical society. Emigrants from Østfold.

Utvandringen til Amerika 1849-1924 fra Kvam og Følling sogn i Stod prestegjeld. Steinkjer, Norway, 1984. 64 pp.
Published by the Kvam historical society. Emigration to America from Kvam and Følling, a community in the county of Nord-Trøndelag.

Vecoli, Rudolph J. and Suzanne M. Sinke. A Century of European Migrations, 1830-1930. Urbana, Illinois, 1991. 395 pp.
A volume in the Statue of Liberty - Ellis Island series. Relevant articles are listed in the section on articles.

Vedung, Siv. A Book Collector on the Texas Frontier: Swante Palm and His Swedish Library at the University of Texas at Austin. Houston, 1990. 157 pp.
A publication funded by the Texas Swedish Cultural Foundation. Contains an introductory biographical sketch of Palm, a bibliography of all periodical holdings and all volumes from the 17th and 18th centuries as well as a bilingual edition of Palm’s own account of his emigration to the United States.

Vesterheim Genealogical Center. Inventory of Norwegian Local History in the Vesterheim Genealogical Center and Naeseth Library. Madison, Wisconsin, 1989. 10 pp.
Bibliography of Norwegian local histories held by the collections and available for loan.

Vogel, Herb. A Brief History of Valders. Valders, Wisconsin, 1986. 16 pp.
A small town in Manitowoc county where many Norwegian immigrants settled.

Ward, David. Poverty, Ethnicity, and the American City, 1840-1925: Changing Conceptions of the Slum and the Ghetto. New York, 1989. 263 pp.
“American attitudes toward poverty, ethnicity and slums.”

Weslager, Clinton A. A Man and His Ship: Peter Minuit and the Kalmar Nyckel. Wilmington, Delaware, 1989. 225 pp.
“An account of the ship and the captain who brought the first Swedish colonists to the New World and to the Swedish colony in what is now Delaware, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey.”

Young, Carrie. Nothing to Do but Stay. Iowa City, 1991. 117 pp.
Eight essays about Norwegian Americans, Carrine Gafkjen and her husband, Sever K. Berg, and their life on the North Dakota prairies.

Youngquist, Erick H. America Fever: A Swede in the West, 1914-1923. Nashville, Tennessee, 1988. 176 pp.
A first-hand account of “a young Swedish immigrant’s first years in the West who, lured by stories of Buffalo Bill and other heroes of the Wild West, came to America determined to become a cowboy.”

Zempel, Solveig, editor and translator. In Their Own Words: Letters from Norwegian Immigrants. Minneapolis, 1991. 225 pp.
Published by the University of Minnesota in cooperation with the Norwegian-American Historical Association. Collections of letters from nine immigrants who write home to Norway. The letters are from the years 1871 to 1945; the authors wrote from Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, North and South Dakota, Montana, Washington, British Columbia and the Yukon Territory.

ARTICLES

Aasetre, Torbjørn. “Emigrasjonen til Nord-Amerika.” Brevik historielag/årbok, 1987: 57-63
Emigration to North America from Langangen in Telemark.

Aasland, Johan L. “Johan L. Aaslands dagboknotater 1924-1928.” Telemark historie, 9: 134-147 (1988).
Notes from the diary of Johan Leonard Aasland (1898-1971) born in Rørholtgrenda in Bamble, Telemark. He emigrated to Canada in 1924 and moved to Chicago in 1926.

Allen, E. John B. “The Modernization of the Skisport: Ishpeming’s Contribution to American Skiing.” The Michigan Historical Review, 16, 1: 1-20 (Spring, 1990).
Norwegians, Swedes and Finns in the Northwest introduced skiing as a sport. Ishpeming, Michigan, became a center of skiing competition.

“Amenkabrev.” Sagn og soge i Søndre Ourdahl, 1988: 17-25.
Letter of July 11, 1880 by Iver Andersen Lie of Dane county, Wisconsin, to his family in Hedalen, Valdres.

“Amerikabrev fra 1858-1871.” Gamle Modum. Årsskrift for Modum historielag, 3:17-20 (1988).
An 1858 letter from Steel county, Minnesota, by Ingri Andersdatter and Ole Jens Høgaasen detailing a difficult journey, and an 1871 letter from Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, by Hans J. Rustand describing life in a lumber camp and encounters with local Indians.

“Amerikafarten frå Sogn.” Årbok for Sogn, 1989: 35.
Emigration from the county of Sogn in the west of Norway.

Andersen, Raoul. “Hvalblas!” North Dakota Quarterly, 57, 4: 48-56 (Fall, 1989).
Whaling operations among Norwegian Canadians in Nova Scotia.

Anderson, Harry H. “Possessions of a Swedish Pioneer.” Swedish American Genealogist, 8, 1: 33-37 (March, 1988).
The possessions of an emigrant from Sweden to Pine Lake, Wisconsin, from probate records of 1845.

Anderson, Harry H. “Carl Sandburg as a Political Candidate.” Swedish American Genealogist, 10, 1: 40-42 (March, 1990).
Sandburg was active in the Social-Democratic party in Wisconsin early in this century, served as private secretary to Emil Seidel, Milwaukee’s first Socialist mayor, and ran for public office as a Socialist in the fall of 1910, losing in a race for a seat in the Wisconsin State Assembly.

Bakken, Reidar. “Fra Steinberg til New Richland; Synspunkter på norsk utvandrings bakgrunn og forløp.” Migranten/The Migrant, 1: 64-80 (1988).
A discussion of the reasons why people emigrated from Norway. English summary.

Bakken, Reidar. Translated by C. A. Clausen. “Two Museum Houses: A Microanalysis of Cultural Adaptation in the Upper Midwest in the Late Nineteenth Century. Norwegian-American Studies, 32: 119-148 (1989).
Two immigrant log houses built in the pioneer era in the American Midwest and now located on the grounds of the Norwegian Emigrant Museum at Hamar, Norway, are examined. “Pictorial evidence and scale drawings illustrate how familiar building techniques were altered in the American environment.”

Baklien, Botolv. “150 års jubileum for utvangringa frå Hallingdal til Amerika.” Dølaminne, 21: 31-37 (1989).
150 year anniversary of immigration from Hallingdal to America.

Bardarson, Gertrude. “My Childhood Visit to Sweden.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 41, 3: 133-140 (July, 1990).
Swedish-American children visit their parents’ homeland in 1911.

Bardenfleth, Mary. “I Remember.” Translated and edited by Caroline Olsen. The Bridge, 11,2:41-72 (1988); 12, 1:7-43(1989).
A Danish immigrant (born in 1886 and died in 1986) recalls 65 years in Minneapolis. First published in Danish in Den danske Pioneer, 1971-1972.

Barton, H. Arnold. “Swedish Theosophists and Point Loma.” Scandinavian Studies, 60, 4: 453-463 (Autumn, 1988).
“A sizeable group of Swedes ... formed an important part of the Theosophical colony at Point Loma, California.”

Beatty, William K. “Petra Marie Dahl - Physician, Social Activist, and Norwegian.” The Proceedings of The Institute of Medicine of Chicago, 43, 1: 3-9 (January/March, 1990).
Dahl (1878-1951) was born in Calmar, Iowa, and graduated from Valparaiso University and the Chicago College of Medicine and Surgery. She had a full career as high school teacher, professor, doctor, Health Officer of Chicago, politician, and public speaker; she was active in the Norwegian Woman’s Club of Chicago.

Bengtsson, Georg. “Hans Mattson - The Onnestad Lad Who Became Immigrant, Colonel and Minnesota Politican.” Swedish American Genealogist, 8, 4: 169-174 (December, 1988).
Swedish immigrant Hans Mattson (1832-1893) became a lieutenant colonel holding command of Minnesota’s Third Volunteer Regiment during the Civil War, served as editor of Chicago’s Svenska Amerikanaren and was elected Secretary of State of Minnesota in 1869.

Benson, Paul. “A Cappella Choirs in the Scandinavian-American Lutheran Colleges.” Norwegian-American Studies. 32: 221-246 (1989).

Bergh, Einar. “Ski for Light: A Healthy Norwegian Export.” Norse Heritage Volume II, 9-16.

Björk, Ulf Jonas. “Nothing But A Hired Hand: Johan Person and the Swedish-American Press.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 42, 1; 5-23 (January, 1991).

Björk, Ulf Jonas. “Nya Världen and Oscar H. Neil: The Rise and Fall of a Swedish-Language Paper in the Pacific Northwest.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 40; 2: 70-83 (April, 1989).

Bjørkum, Hilde. “Farvel mitt fosterland. Nokre døme pa emigrantviser brukt i Sogn og Fjordane.” Årbok for Sogn, 35: 36-43 (1989).
Emigrant songs from Sogn.

Bottorff, Rachel Ann. “Unonius: The Man in the Middle.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 41, 2: 141-154 (July, 1990).
Gustaf Unonius led twelve families from Sweden to settle on the shores of Pine Lake, Wisconsin in 1841. He later became an Episcopal priest and founded several congregations including St. Ansgarius in Chicago.

Brain, Gary. “The Ship Sailed On: Swedish-American Migration to Rural California.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 41, 4: 220-233 (October, 1990).

Brice, David. “George af Forselles: ‘The Swedish Count of Alaska.’” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 9, 4: 165-183 (October, 1989).
Georg af Forselles emigrated from Sweden in 1898 and became a central figure in the Alaskan gold rush. He later produced six books.

Brown, Alistair. “Utvandringsjubileum i Land 23-25 juni 1989.” Landingen årbok, 1989: 100-103.
Emigration celebration in Land, 1989.

Buhl, Helga Ostergaard. “The Story of a Pioneer.” Translated by Ela Koch Nielsen. The Bridge, 12, 1: 71-80 (1989).
Reminiscences about Peter Overgaard and Maren Kjestine Nielsen, Danish immigrants who pioneered in South Dakota, as told to Buhl by their son Harald. This appeared in Danish in Kirke og folk in 1956.

Carlsson, Sten. “Three Swedish Expeditions to North America 1642-1649.” Swedish American Genealogist, 8, 1: 1-32 (March, 1988).

Christianson, J. R. translator and editor. “A Letter of 1852 from Eldorado.” Norwegian-American Studies, 32: 149-156 (1989).

Christianson, J. R. “Scandinavian Immigrants on a Pluralistic Frontier: Iowa, 1834-1860.” Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History, Volume II, 15-27.

Cleven, Harry T. “The Fifteenth Wisconsin Regiment in the American Civil War.” Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History, Volume II, 75-83.

Dahlie, Jørgen. “From Kongsberg to the Pacific Northwest: Norwegian Immigrants and the Development of Skiing, 1920-1950.” Norse Heritage 1989 Yearbook, 9-18.

Danielsen, Jens Bjerre. “Ethnic Identity, Nationalism and Scandinaviamsm in the Scandinavian Immigrant Socialist Press in the U.S.” The Bridge, 13, 2: 58-90 (1990).

Djupedal, Knut. “Report on the Returned Emigrant Project.” Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History, Volume II, 189-199.
The project to interview emigrants who returned to Norway reveals their effect on Norwegian culture.

Djupedal, Knut. “Returned Emigrants in Rogaland.” Norse Heritage Volume II, 38-48.

Døhl, Gørild. “A Little Norway in the State of Washington.” The Norseman, 29: 2: 10-13 (March, 1989).
Pacific Lutheran University is described.

Egeberg, Lars Aslak. “Utvandringen til Amerika og hva det kunne føre med seg av sorger og gleder.” Sagn og soge i Søndre Ourdahl, 1990: 2 1-25.
The Haugens were divided; he wanted to emigrate while she wanted to stay with her old parents in Norway.

Eide, Petter. Bit blad frå Nordfjord-soga i Amerika. Årbok for Nordfjord, 22: 94-108 (1988).
Emigrants from Nordfjord in America.

Engesæter, Aage. “Poverty, Overpopulation, and the Early Emigration from Sogn.” Translated by C. A. Clausen. Norwegian-American Studies, 32: 31-52 (1989).
A similar article appeared in the book Årbok for Sogn (1989).

Enstad, Dick. “Harley Refsal - A Colorful Caricature Carver.” The Sons of Norway Viking, 86, 5: 12-13 (March, 1898).
Luther College language instructor Refsal has developed into an internationally known sculptor and woodcarver.

Erickson, Rolf H. “Ben Blessum, Norwegian-American Artist.” The Sons of Norway Viking, 85, 10: 408-410 (October, 1988).

Erickson, Rolf H. “The Chicago Exhibition of Scandinavian-American Artists in 1929.” Swedish American Genealogist, Part I, 9:2, 60-77 (June, 1989); conclusion, 9: 3, 129-148 (September, 1989).
A description of the event with biographies of the organizers and exhibitors.

Erickson, Rolf H. “Chicago: Writing In and About the City by Norwegians.” Norse Heritage 1989 Yearbook, 19-33.

Erickson, Rolf H. “J. Christian Bay and His Account of Hans Christian Andersen’s Visit to Chicago.” The Bridge, 12, 2: 64-85 (1989).
An imaginary journey, but one which provides a snapshot of the Danish colony of Chicago of 1955.

Erickson, Rolf H. “Repositories of Scandinavian-American Materials: A Partial Directory.” Swedish American Genealogist, 10, 4: 162-169 (December, 1990).

Erickson, Rolf H. “Songs of Norway in America.” Norse Heritage Volume II, 49-57.

Erickson, Rolf H. “Swedish-American Artists’ Exhibitions in Chicago Described in Checklists and Catalogs.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 42, 2: 90-115 (April, 1991).
From 1905 to 1970 Chicago was the unrivaled center of Swedish-American art.

Erickson, Rolf H. and Johanna Barstad. “Some Recent Publications.” Norwegian-American Studies, 32: 247-166 (1989).

Espe, Alfred. “Frå Borgrund til Greenwood, Wisconsin.” Årbok for Sogn, 35:44-57 (1989).
A search for roots from Borgrund, Sogn, to Wisconsin.

Estus, Charles W. “A Swedish Working-Class Church: The Methodists of Quinsigamond Village, 1878-1900.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 40, 1: 5-22 (January, 1989).

Everson, Roy A. “The 99th Infantry Battalion - Remembrances and a Reunion.” The Sons of Norway Viking, 86, 12: 26-27; 3 1-32 (December, 1989).
A battalion of 1,000 men of Norwegian ancestry was assembled in 1942 to train for a possible invasion of Nazi-occupied Norway.

“Fortegnelse over hjemvendte emigranter.” Årbok for Sørfold, 1987: 8-10.
A list of emigrants who later returned to Sørfold.

Friman, Axel. “150 Years Since First Swedes Arrived in Wisconsin.” Swedish American Genealogist, 8, 4: 153-159 (December, 1988).

Fryxell, Fritiof and Ann Boaden. “Meeting at Sea,” in The Parkander Papers: a Festschrift honoring Dr. Dorothy J. Parkander. Rock Island, Illinois, 1988, pp. 44-48.
Fryxell and Sigrid Undset were fellow passengers on the S. S. President Cleveland in 1940 when Undset fled the Nazis and journeyed to the United States.

Fur, Gunlög. “The Making of a Legend: Joe Hill and the I.W.W.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 40, 3: 101-113 (July, 1989).
The Swedish immigrant Joel Hägglund (1879-1915) as the labor leader Joe Hill became active in the labor organization, Industrial Workers of the World. He was tried and executed for murder in 1915 and became a martyr of the labor movement.

Gieske, Millard L. “The Americanization of a Norwegian Immigrant: Knute Nelson.” Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History, Volume II, 101- 120.
Knute Nelson was one of the most powerful of American politicians as governor of Minnesota and senator.

Gjerde, Jon. “Chain Migration from the West Coast of Norway.” A Century of European Migrations, 158-181.

Gjermundsen, Jon Ola. “En reise til Amerika.” Årbok for Nord-østerdalen, 1984: 5-12.
A journey from Norway to America in 1871.

Granhus, Odd-Stein. “Emil Lauritz Mengshoel. Sosialistik avisutgiver og forfatter.” Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History, Volume II, 121-128.
Mengshoel (1866-1945) was born in Gjøvik and emigrated to the United States in 1888. He became the founder and editor of the socialist newspaper Gaa Paa of Minneapolis.

Granum, Johan. Gamle amerikabrev. Årbok/Ringsaker. Veldre og Brøttum historielag, 1990: 127-131.
Letter to Ole Olsen Lillehagen in Lismarka, Hedmark, from his children in the United States.

Gravem, Arnfinn. “Hadelandslaget i Amerika 90 år. En oversikt over lagets historie og en kort biografi av lagets første formann.” Årbok for Hadeland, 1990: 22-27.
The Hadeland bygdelag in America’s 90 years and a short biography of Thomas A. Walby (1861-1942), the first president.

Gravem, Arnfinn. “Han Ola og han Per i en norsk-amerikansk tegneserie med Hadelandstilsnitt.” Årbok for Hadeland, 1990: 28-33.
Decorah Posten’s comic strip contained Hadeland elements.

Grayson, June. “Gerhard Naeseth: Chronicler of a People.” The Sons of Norway Viking, 87, 6: 10-11 (June, 1990).
The career of the founder of the Vesterheim Genealogical Center in Madison, Wisconsin, is described.

Grayson, June. “Nels O. Nelson: His Vision of Utopia.” The Sons of Norway Viking, 88, 1: 6-9 (January, 1991).
St. Louis businessman Nels Oliver Nelson (1844-1922) from Lillesand, Norway, established Leclaire, Illinois, a Utopian community in 1890.

Grindal, Gracia. “The Americanization of the Norwegian Pastors’ Wives.” Norwegian-American Studies, 32: 199-208 (1989).

Gulliksen, Øyvind Tveitereid. “Familien Wefald skriver til Amerika.” Det var ein gong - Minner frå Drangedal, 12: 70-94 (1989).
Letters from Norway to America by the Wefald family.

Gulliksen, Øyvind Tveitereid. “Fra Gunnar Solvolds minnebok.” Holla Minner, 3: 71-84 (1989).
Published by the Holla historical society. Excerpts from the memoirs of Gunnar Solvold, an itinerant schoolteacher.

Guffiksen, Øyvind Teitereid. “Letters to Immigrants in the Midwest from the Telemark Region of Norway.” Norwegian-American Studies, 32:157-176 (1989).
Norway letters, that is, letters sent to America from Norway, affected immigrant perception of the homeland.

Gulliksen, Øyvind Tveitereid. “Synodepresten som kulturarbeider: Andres Halvorsen Eikjarud. Wisconsin og Brooklyn, 1890-1921.” Telemark historie, 10: 61-85 (1989).
The synod minister as cultural leader. The paper was presented at the Norwegian-American Studies Seminar at Hamar in 1989.

Haave, Arne. “Utvandrerutstilling sommeren 1989: 150 år siden de første ringsakersokninger emigrerte til Amerika.” Årbok./Ringsaker, Veldre og Brottum historielag, 1989: 14-21.
150 years ago the first Norwegians emigrated from Ringsaker in Hedmark; an exhibition held in summer, 1989.

Hale, Christopher S. “Danish Emigration to the Canadian Prairies: A Collage from the Sandemose Perspective.” Scandinavian Studies, 60, 4:497-5 10 (Autumn, 1988).
The diary and published works of Aksel Sandemose who visited Canada in 1927 and 1928 are examined for his attitudes about the New World.

Halvorsen, Anne Marie. “Kom, Venner, hid til Graven træder . . .” Årbok/Ringsaker, Veldre og Brøttum historielag, 1990: 132-135.
The couple Karen Fredriksdatter Lundhagen and Lars Nielsen Hemma from Hedmark are buried in Union Prairie Cemetery, Minnesota.

Hammerstrom, Lawrence G. “Christina Nilsson Turnblad, 1861-1929: From Domestic to Wealthy Matron.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 40, 3: 114-123 (July, 1989).
The life of the wife of Swan J. Turnblad is examined; the mansion they built in Minneapolis is the home of The American-Swedish Institute.

Hammerstrom, Lawrence G. “Norden Society Members in Minneapolis 1903-1906.” Swedish American Genealogist, 10, 2: 60-72 (June, 1990).
A list of members of a society organized in 1870 open to all Scandinavians, including women, but which shortly became all male and all Swedish. The list contains birthplace, birthdate, address, and date inducted. The papers of Norden are at The American Swedish Institute.

Hansen, Gregory. “Identifying Danish American Folklife.” The Bridge, 11, 2: 22-32 (1988).
“Danish ethnic culture in America consists primarily of the non-elitist traditions and arts of individuals’ everyday lives rather than the contributions of the elite, and the discipline of folklore can provide a more complete concept of Danish heritage.”

Hansen, Helen E. “Ved Arnen, A Content Analysis of the Literary Supplement to Decorah Posten, 1882-1972.” Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History, Volume II, 29-40.

Hansen, Thorvald. “A Bilingual Editor.” The Bridge, 12, 2: 25-29 (1989).
Johannes Knudsen, president of Grand View College, edited Ungdom and Kirke og folk using both Danish and English.

Hansen, Thorvald. “Johannes Knudsen as an Educator: A Conversation with Harry Jensen.” The Bridge, 12, 2: 17-24 (1989).
Johannes Knudsen taught at Grand View College from 1927-1935, was president of the college from 1942-1952 and taught at the Lutheran School of Theology in Chicago from 1954 until his retirement in 1971.

Hansen, Thorvald. “‘Old’ Nielsen.” The Bridge, 14, 1: 69-82 (1991).
The life of the Danish-American pioneer Pastor A. S. Nielsen (1832-1909) is described.

Haraldsø, Brynjar. “Religiøs overtyding som emigrasjonsmotiv. Initiativ til og motiver for emigrasjonen frå Stavanger i 1825.” Historisk tidsskrift, 67, 4: 414-425 (1988).
Religious conviction as motif for emigration. Initiatives and motives for emigration from Stavanger in 1825.

Haslam, Gerald Myron. “Mormons and the Norwegian Constitution; a Look at the Application of Intended Constitutional Law.” Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History, Volume II, 173-181.

Hauge, Olav. “Med Seilskib til Amerika omkring 1850.” Fusa før i tio, 1988: 27-30.
A voyage to America around 1850; the author uses Strilen as a pseudonym.

Haugen, Einar. “Henrik Ibsen and Ole Bull.” Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History, Volume II, 9-14.

Haugen, Einar. “The Language of ‘Han Ola og Han Per.’” Norse Heritage 1989 Yearbook, 34-38.

Haugen, Einar. “Rølvaag’s Lost Novel.” Norwegian-American Studies, 32:209-220 (1989).
Ole Rølvaag’s apprentice work, “Nils og Astri,” is examined.

Haugen, Einar. “Utvandringen fra Oppdal til USA.” Bøgda vår, 1989: 65-69.
Emigration from Oppdal, Sør-Trøndelag, to the United States.

Haugen, Eva Lund. “An Editor Chooses America: The Story of Einar Lund.” Norse Heritage Volume II, 58-72.

Heg, Hans C. “Twelve Civil War Letters of Col. Hans C. Heg to His Son.” Edited by E. Biddle Heg. Norwegian-American Studies, 32: 177-198 (1989).
“An intimate and touching glimpse of this Norwegian-American war hero within the family circle.”

Hemke, Frederick L. “Arne Oldberg: Swedish-American Musician.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 42, 1: 24-29 (January, 1991).

Hennum, Gerd. “From Whaler to Captain of Scottish Industry.” Norse Heritage Volume II, 17-23.

Henriksen, Joan Felicia. “Four Generations of Rebellion.” Norse Heritage Volume II, 23-30.

Hessel, Susan T. “A Norwegian-American Medical Dynasty.” The Sons of Norway Viking, 89, 3: 14-17.
Adolf Gundersen founder of the Gundersen Clinic in La Crosse, Wisconsin.

Hildebrand, Carver Edstrom. “David Edstrom, Swedish American Sculptor.” Swedish American Genealogist, 10, 1: 17-29 (March, 1990).
Edstrom (1873-1938) practiced his craft in Europe and the United States.

Holten, Endre. “Ein utvandrer frå Jordalsgrenda.” Du mitt Nordmøre, 1989: 80-83.
About Gunder Graven, emigrant from Møre in the west of Norway.

Hustvedt, Lloyd. “Images of the Minister in Norwegian-American Literature.” Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History, Volume II, 201-211.

Hvidt, Kristian. “Sylvia Pio: A Danish American Livewire.” Translated by J. R. Christianson. The Bridge, 13, 1: 93-101 (1990).
A letter by the daughter of the Danish Socialist describing her father’s life as a political exile in Chicago with an introduction by Hvidt.

Ibarra, Robert A. and Arnold Strickon. “The Norwegian-American Dairy-Tobacco Strategy in Southeastern Wisconsin.” Norwegian-American Studies, 32: 3-30 (1989).
“The authors demonstrate how a combination of tobacco cultivation and dairying represent a logical production plan that also reflected ethnic values connected with Norwegian-American rural culture.”

Ijams, Ethel W. “A Young Immigrant Hears From Home.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 41, 1: 3 5-46 (January, 1990).
Letters from Sweden to Peter Andersson in Nebraska and South Dakota are described.

Iversen, James D. “Recollections of Two Immigrant Sisters.” The Bridge, 11, 1: 55-74 (1988).
Two sisters, Karen and Kathrine Iversen of Denmark, left accounts of their trip across the ocean and their lives in the United States.

Jacobson, Charlotte. “From the Archives.” Norwegian-American Studies, 32: 267-277 (1989).

Jægtnes, Iger Vågen. “Emigrasjonstiden 1900-1930.” Fra Hidras historie, 1989: 36-56.
Emigration from Hidra, Vest-Agder, 1900-1930.

Jarvi, Raymond. “The 350th Anniversary of New Sweden on the Delaware: Recent Books.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 40, 3: 134-139 (July, 1989).
An annotated bibliography of 23 titles.

Jensen, Harold. “Niels E. Hansen: Plant Explorer.” The Bridge, 13, 1: 49-66 (1990).
“Hansen’s work with alfalfa and other plants made a significant contribution to the agricultural development of the northern Great Plains.”

Jensen, Jens. “A Journey With Obstacles.” Translated and edited by Gerald Rasmussen. The Bridge, 11, 1: 48-54 (1988).
An emigrant from Jutland to the U.S. left a diary of the difficulties he experienced on his return from a visit to Denmark in 1917 while the European war was in progress.

Jenswold, John. “Becoming American, Becoming Suburban: Norwegians in the 1920s.” Norse Heritage Volume II, 83-99.

Johnson, Pål Espolin and Øyvind Tveitereid Gulliksen. “Det store spranget; Lina Alsakers dagbok fra 1886.” Migranten/The Migrant, 1: 7-30 (1989).
The great leap; Lina Alsaker’s diary from 1886. English summary. A fourteen year old from Kristiania recorded her observations during her journey in 1886.

Johnson, Steven L. and Marion J. Nelson. “Immigrant Dynamics - The Jacobson Farmstead.” Norwegian-American Studies, 32: 93-118 (1989).
The Jacobson farmstead which was donated to Vesterheim, the Norwegian-American Museum in Decorah, Iowa, reflected ethnic values connected with Norwegian-American rural culture.

Jorgensen, Henry. “Peter Larson - Danish Immigrant Entrepreneur.” The Bridge, 11, 1: 5-22 (1988).
An emigrant from Fyn, Denmark, who became a millionaire in Helena, Montana, with interests in mining, banking, real-estate promotion, merchandising and Construction for the railroads in the Northwest.

Jørgensen, Torstein. “Norwegian Emigration to South Africa in the 19th Century.” Norse Heritage Volume II, 100-109.

Kennedy, Liv. “The Norwegians of Bella Coola.” The Sons of Norway Viking, 87, 2: 12-15, 27 (February, 1990).
An account of the 84 Norwegians who settled in Bella Coola, British Columbia, in 1894.

Kero, Reino. “Migration Traditions from Finland to North America.” A Century of European Migrations, 111-113.

Klevstrand, Roll. “Norske farmasøyter i USA. VI. Vilhelm D. Gandrup (1840-1904) apoteker i Iowa.” Norges apotekerforenings tidsskrift, 96, 9: 226-229 (1988).
About the immigrant pharmacist Vilhelm D. Gandrup in Iowa.

Knoer, Wanda Fisher. “The Norwegian Room - showcase of Norwegian Culture.” The Sons of Norway Viking, 85, 9: 336-338 (September, 1988).
The Norwegian community of Pittsburgh outfitted a university classroom in 1948 in the style of an eighteenth-century Norwegian peasant home; local Norwegian-American groups maintain it.

Knudsen, Aage V. “Johannes Knudsen: The Cultural Context of His Youth.” The Bridge, 12, 2: 9-16 (1989).
A memoir by Johannes Knudsen’s brother.

Kolden, Jon. “To amerikabrev.” Heim og bygd. Lita gåmdlt frå Lom. 1987: 29-37.
Letters from America by Rolv Olson Gaupar and Tjøstolv Fosberg to family in Lom, Oppland, Norway.

Lane, Kerstin B. “Andersonville: A Swedish-American Landmark Neighborhood.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly. 42, 1: 30-40 (January, 1991).

Langdal, Bjørn Inge. “Gullgraveren Ola Green.” Helgådalsnytt, 18: 1-10 (1989).
About gold miner Ola Green.

Lange, Even. “Norske ingeniører i Amerika 1900-1950: en moderne svennevandring.” Historiker og veileder: festskrift til Jakob Sverdrup, 1989, 252-268.
Norwegian engineers in America, 1900-1950.

[Langton, Charles.] “Leif Stories.” Norwegian-American Museum Newsletter, 23, 2: 1, 3 (Summer, 1988)
The several busts and statues of Leif Ericson, raised by Norwegian-American immigrants throughout the U.S., are described.

[Langton, Charles.] “Sondre Norheim, Skiing Pioneer.” Norwegian-American Museum Newsletter, 22, 4/23. 1: 1ff (Winter, 1987/Spring 1988).
A statue of Sondre Norheim was erected in Minot, North Dakota, in 1987.

Larsen, Cecelia. “Danish Artists of the American West; Olaf Seltzer and Olaf Wieghorst.” The Bridge, 14, 1: 45-68 (1991).
Immigrants from Denmark become prominent American artists.

Legreid, Ann Marie. “Kinship and Crossing: The Role of Family and Community in the Migrations from Inner Hardanger, 1836-1900.” Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History, Volume II, 5 7-72.

Leiren, Terje. “Lost Utopia? The Changing Image of America in the Writings of Marcus Thrane.” Scandinavian Studies, 60,4:465-479 (Autumn, 1988).

Leiren, Terje. “Marcus Thrane and Dagslyset.” Norse Heritage 1989 Yearbook, 30-51.

Leiren, Terje. “Propaganda as Entertainment: Marcus Thrane and the Chicago Fire.” Scandinavian Journal of History, 14, 3: 239-244 (1989).

Leirvik, Kåre. “Utvandring fra Namdalen til Amerika i 1860-åra.” Årbok for Namdalen, 31: 49-55 (1989).
Emigration from Namdalen in Trøndelag to America in the 1860s.

Lien, Arnstein. “Fra Lia i Sigdal til Prestfoss i Canada.” Under Norefjell, 5, 1; 1-5 (1989).

Lind, Jens. “Memories and Autobiography.” The Bridge, 13, 1:26-48(1990).
“A tale of life and people in northeastern Montana in the first several decades of this century.”

Ljungmark, Lars. “On Emigration, Social Mobility, and the Transfer of Capital.” Translated by H. Arnold Barton. The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 41, 3: 155-164 (July, 1990).

Lodoen, Iver Nelson. “Ein utvandra honndøl fortel.” Historisk årsskrift/Hornindal historielag, 5: 62-67 (1989); 6:21-26 (1990)
Lodoen describes his journey to America in 1886 and his life and work in Minnesota.

Lossau, Carl S. “Leclaire, Illinois: A Model Industrial Village.” Gateway Heritage: Quarterly Magazine of the Missouri Historical Society, 8, 4: 20-32 (Spring, 1988).
Nelson O. Nelson, born in Stavanger, Norway, was “inspired by the social ideal of the ‘golden rule’ and the economic principle of profit sharing” in creating a model village for employees of his manufacturing company near Edwardsville, Illinois.

Løtveit, Sigurd. “Utvandrarar frå Osterøy til Amerika.” Osterøy i soge og samtid. Sogeskrift for Osterøy, 1989: 64-68.
Emigrants from Osterøy in Hordaland to America.

Lovoll, Odd S. “Gaa Paa: A Scandinavian Voice of Dissent.” Minnesota History, 52, 3: 86-99 (Fall, 1990).
The socialist Norwegian-American editor Emil Mengshoel published radical Scandinavian Socialist newspapers Gaa Paa and Folkets Røst in Minneapolis from 1903-1925.

Lovoll, Odd S. “A Perspective on the Life of Norwegian America: Norwegian Enclaves in Chicago in the 1920s.” Migranten/The Migrant, 1: 24-37 (1988).

Lovoll, Odd S. “A Pioneer Chicago Colony from Voss, Norway: Its Impact on Overseas Migration, 1836-60.” A Century of European Migrations, 182-199.

Lowell, Briant Lindsay. “Regional Patterns in Norwegian Emigration. Sociological Perspectives.” Norse Heritage 1989 Yearbook, 52-58.

Lowell, Briant Lindsay. “Sociological Theories and the Great Emigration.” Norwegian-American Studies, 32: 53-70 (1989).
“Reviews sociological theories of migration and tests the accuracy of the different hypotheses with statistical methodology, citing several local Norwegian studies of the movement to America.”

Lund, Aslaug Husby. “Prospektkort forteller utvandrerhistorie.” Årbok for Nordmøre, 1989: 94-1 10.
What postcards tell about emigration.

Lunde, May. “Emigration to North America from the Provinces of Troms and Finnmark as Reflected in Three Northern Norwegian Newspapers, 1860-1900. Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History, Volume II, 85-100.

Martin, Philip. “Rosemaling in the Upper Midwest.” The Sons of Norway Viking, 86, 8: 6-9, 37 (August, 1989).

Matteson, Edith. “Danish Mormons in Nebraska.” The Bridge, 13, 2: 44-57 (1990).

Mauk, David C. “Going on Land: The Irregular Emigration of Norwegian Merchant Seamen to Brooklyn, New York.” Norse Heritage 1989 Yearbook, 59-74.

Mauk, David C. “Going on Land: Maritime Influences on the Development of the Norwegian Colony in Brooklyn to 1940.” Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History, Volume II, 145-161.

Mauk, David. “Mobilization and Conflict: The Background and Social History of the Norwegian Colony in Brooklyn to 1910.” William Pencak, Selma Berrol, and Randall M. Miller, eds. Immigration to New York. Philadelphia, 1991, 86-108.

Mauk, David C. “Saving Seamen in Babylon: The First Norwegian Institutions in Brooklyn.” Norse Heritage Volume II, 110-128.

Meltvik, Olav. “Amerikabrevet.” Osteroy i soge og samtid: sogeskrift for Osterøy, 1989: 60-63.
Ivar Anderson writes to Ole Askildson.

“Menn som var med og bygget Minnesota.” Translated into Norwegian by Jostein Molde. Årsskrift for Lesja historielag, 1989: 68-71.
The article first appeared in the Granite Falls (Minnesota) News, June 10, 1927. Ole L. Enstad and his wife Guro from Lesjaskog, Gudbrandsdalen, Norway, settled in Minnesota.

Moen, Ole O. “Enduring Foundations: A Comparison of the Norwegian and the American Constitutions.” Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History, Volume II, 163-171.

Molde, Jostein and Arnfinn Kjelland. “Lesjinger i Amerika. Om planene for bok om emigrantene fra Lesja og Dovre.” Årsskrift for Lesja historielag, 1989: 58-67.
People from Lesja in Oppland in the U.S. and plans for a book about emigrants from Lesja and Dovre.

Moynihan, Kenneth J. “Swedes and Yankees in Worcester Politics: A Protestant Partnership.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 40, 1: 23-34 (January, 1989).

Næss, Hans Eyvind. “Reflections on the Norwegian Emigration to Australia.” Norse Heritage 1989 Yearbook, 75-87.

Naess, Harald S. “Introduction: Utopias in Scandinavian America.” Scandinavian Studies, 60, 4: 429-436 (Autumn, 1988).

Nedrebø, Yngve. “A Century of Norwegian Emigrant Routes.” The Norseman, 28, 2: 26-28 (March, 1988).

Nelson, Marion. “Folk Arts and Crafts of the Norwegians in America.” Migranten/The Migrant, 1: 38-63 (1988).

Nesvig, Jonathan. “The Western Viking - Serving Norwegian America for 100 Years.” The Sons of Norway Viking, 86, 5: 10-11,33 (May, 1989).

Nielsen, Axel. “Reminiscences at the Celebration of My Folks’ First Seventy Married Years 1911-1981.” The Bridge, 14, 1: 9-44 (1991). Immigrants Anna and Jorgen Nielsen began married life in Askov, Minnesota, in 1911 but went west to Junction City, Oregon, in 1926.

Nielsen, George E. “A Danish Socialist in Chicago.” The Bridge, 13, 1: 73-92 (1990).
A study of Louis Pio’s life in Chicago from 1877 until his death in 1894. “This article will also appear, in Danish, in a forthcoming issue of the periodical, Arbejderhistorie.”

Nielsen, Ivan E. “Harald P. Nielsen Saga.” The Bridge, 12: 1,81-105 (1989).
A son of Danish immigrants, born in South Dakota in 1885, Nielsen celebrated his 100th birthday.

Nordå, Hallvard. “Utvandnnga til Amerika.” Gjesdal bygdebok, 3: 14-21 (1989).
Emigration from Gjesdal in Rogaland.

Nordstrom, Byron J. “1638-1988: A History Celebrated.” Sweden & America, 3-12, 23-31 (Spring, 1988).
Three hundreth anniversary of Swedes in America.

Nordstrom, Byron J., Yngve Turnesson and Mariann Tiblin, eds. “Swedish-American Bibiliography 1988.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 40, 4: 213-220 (October, 1989), and 41,4: 248-253 (October, 1990).

Ohnstad, Asmund. “Utvandringa fra Aurland.” Årbok for Sogn, 35: 18-35 (1989).
Emigrants from Aurland in Sogn.

Olsen, Johan. “Familien jakobsen på Kobskarmoen: ei beretning om Ovidia og Jakob Jakobsen.” Årbok for Sørfold, 1987: 75-80.
The Jakobsen family of Kobskarmoen emigrated to Alberta, Canada.

Olsen, Johan. “Noen av dem som vendte heim igjen.” Årbok for Sørfold, 1987: 11-17.
Some of those who returned to Sweden.

Olsson, Nils William. “St. Ansgarius (Chicago) Marriages 1867-1879.” Swedish American Genealogist, 7, 3: 113-135 (September, 1987) 7, 4: 173-182 (December, 1987); 8: 1, 38-46 (March, 1988); 8: 2, 88-98 (June, 1988); 8: 3, 128-139 (September, 1988); 8: 4, 178-189 (December, 1988); 9: 1, 28-31 (March, 1989); 9: 2, 78-85. (June, 1989); 9: 4, 171-191 (December, 1989).
The congregation mostly consisted of Swedish immigrants although there were some Norwegian members. The origins of the married couple were recorded.

Orre, Nils. “Fifteen years in North Dakota, 1883-1898.” Translated by Elsa Danielson Johnson. The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 41, 1: 3-34 (January, 1990).
Nils Orre was from Småland, Sweden.

Ose, Tollef. “Red Riverdalens historier; Da de første settlere fra Sætesdalen bosatte sig her.” Jol i Setesdal, 28: 43-45 (1989).
Red River Valley history; when the first settlers from Setesdal settled there. An account written by one of the first settlers and published in both Skandinaven (January 10, 1923) and Agder Tidende (February 17, 1923).

Østigaard, Dag. “Utvandringa. De som dro til Amerika,” in Tynset bygdebok, 4: 11-52.
Emigration from Tynset in upper Østerdal to America.

Øverland, Orm. “History as Prerequisite for an Ethnic Identity: The Roots of Organized Historical Research and Publishing Among the Norwegian-Americans.” Norse Heritage 1989 Yearbook, 117-127.

Øverland, Orm. “The Norwegian Settlement in Gaspé 1860-1862: The Failure of the Canadian Bureau of Agriculture, of the Settlers or of the Land?” Norse Heritage Volume II, 73-82.

Øyane, Lars E. “Skoti i Dallas.” Årbok for Sogn, 35: 58-71 (1989).
About Erik Pedersen Øiene who fell in the Civil War in 1864.

Poppe, Svenn. “Han glemte aldri Gressvik.” Varden: Årstidsskrift for Onsøy historielag, 1987: 9-11.
Waldemar Ager never forgot Gressvik.

Proescholdt, Kevin. “From Madrid to Mora: Minnesota’s Rutherford Land Company and Iowa’s John Wesley Check.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 41, 4: 209-219 (October, 1990).
A land company mounted an extensive advertising campaign in 1907-1909 which lured settlers from Madrid, Iowa, to north central Minnesota.

Rasmussen, Janet E. “Gender and Ethnicity.” Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History, Volume II, 41-48.

Rasmussen, Janet E. “‘I met him at Normanna hall’: Ethnic Cohesion and Marital Patterns among Scandinavian Immigrant Women.” Norwegian-American Studies, 32: 71-92 (1989).
“To a high degree the women interviewed for this study preferred Scandinavian husbands even though life in America brought about marked changes in attitude and courting behavior.”

Rasmussen, Janet E. “Women and Domestic Service: An Oral History Report from the Pacific Northwest.” Norse Heritage 1989 Yearbook, 88-97.

Root, Seseline. “Erindringer fra 1860/70 åra: barndom i Gran, utvandring til Amerika.” Årbok for Hadeland, 1989: 75-86.
Memories from the 1860s and 1870s; a childhood in Gran and emigration to America.

Ross, Carl. “The Utopian Vision of Finnish Immigrants: 1900-1930.” Scandinavian Studies, 60, 4: 481-496 (Autumn, 1988).

Rossel, Sven H. “The Image of the United States in Danish Literature: A Survey with Scandinavian Perspectives.” The Bridge, 12, 1: 44-70 (1989).
An enlarged study of the article which appeared in Scandinavica (25, 1: 1986) with more Norwegian and Swedish material presented.

Ryan, Pat M. “O. A. Tveitmoe vs. the Asiatics.” Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History, Volume II, 129-143.
Olaf Anders Tveitmoe (1 865-1923), labor activist and editor from Valdres, Norway, settled in San Francisco where he campaigned against permitting Asian immigration.

Ryan, Pat. M. “Olaf Anders Tveitmoe’s Organized Labor: Labor Rhetoric and Progressive Reform.” Norse Heritage Volume II, 129-146.

Salen, Odd. “Abraham E. Larsen: A South-African Horatio Alger from Spind.” Norse Heritage Volume II, 31-37.

Sandberg, L. Anders. “A Swedish Gold-Seeker in the Northlands: The Case of Erik Alfred Oliver.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 41, 4: 234-241 (October, 1990).

Sande, Jostein. “Utvandringa.” Farne tider. Stordalssoga, 1: 225-236 (1989).
Emigration from Stordal in Møre and Romsdal.

Saugstad, Norman. “Saugestadfamiliens første hundre år i Amerika. 20 april 1889 til 20 april 1989.” Årsskrift for Beitstaden historielag, 1989: 58-72.
A letter in 1989 about the life of John Oluf Stålsen Saugestad in North Dakota.

Saxvik, Kjell. “Slekten etter de som emigrerte i 1857: Kvamsokmnger på Highland Prairie, Minnesota.” Nåkkå tå kvart fra Kvam og Følling, 4: 51-64 (1990).
Emigrants from Kvam, Nord-Trøndelag, living in Minnesota.

Schultz, April. “‘The Pride of the Race Had Been Touched’: The 1925 Norse-American Centennial and Ethnic Identity.” The Journal of American History, 77, 4: 1265-1295 (March, 1991).

Schumann, Jorun. “Husmannsgutt i Brandbu, bankdirektør i Amerika.” Årbok for Hadeland, 1988: 67-70.
Julius Høgbraaten Rowe, a tenant in Brandbu, became a bank manager in America.

Seip, Elisabeth. “Ida og Mina. Ringsaker-søstre med blad-suksess i USA.” Ringsaker, Veidre og Brøttum historielag. Årbok, 1988: 115-123.
Sisters Ida Hansen and Mine Jensen from Ringsaker were successful editors of the journal, Kvinden og Hjemmet.

Seljaas, Helge. “Scandinavian Mormons and Their ‘Zion.’” Scandinavian Studies, 60, 4: 445-452 (Autumn, 1988).

Semmingsen, Ingrid. “Kvinner i norsk utvandringshistorie.” Migranten/The Migrant, 1: 7-23 (1988).
Women in Norwegian emigration history. English summary.

Setrom, Asta. “Emigrantene frå Grøtom. Brev fortel utvandrarhistorie.” Bøgda vår/Oppdal historielag, 1990: 12-16.
Emigrants from the farm Oppisto Grøtte, Sør Trondelag, write letters home.

Setterdahl, Lilly. “The End of Eric Janssonism: Religious Life in Bishop Hill in the Post-colony Period.” Western Illinois Regional Studies, 11, 1: 39-54(Spring, 1988).

Setterlind, Alfred. “The Way to America in 1923: An Emigrant’s Account.” Translated by Aina Bergman Barton. The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly. 41, 4: 198-208 (October, 1990).

Seyerstad, Per. “Camrose, Alberta, and its Norwegian Camrose Lutheran College.” Norge-Amerika Foreningen: The Norway-America Association Yearbook, 1988: 7-10.

Sigersvold, Ståle. “Utvandringa fra Kvinesdal og Feda.” Kvinesdal historielag, 3: 2-17 (1988).
Emigration from Kvinesdal and Feda in Vest-Agder.

Skaalen, Olav. “John Norstog - præriediktaren frå Byrtegrend i Mo.” Telemark historie, 9: 148-151 (1988).
The poet from Telemark who settled in North Dakota frequently recalled his homeland in his poetry.

Skaar, Anna. “På Amerika-ferd i 1904.” Gammaltfrå Stange og Romedal, 1988: 121-124.
A journey to America in 1904.

Sletto, Bjørn. “The Forgotten Ibsen.” The Sons of Norway Viking, 85, 11: 452-455 (November, 1988).
Henrik Ibsen’s brother Nicolai immigrated to Iowa and worked as a sheep herder.

Smemo, Kenneth. “Norwegian America’s Golden Age.” The Norseman, 29, 1: part 1, 6-8 (1989); 29, 2: part 2, 4-7 (1989).
The period 1890-1925 is examined.

Solberg, Jerry. “Familien Solberg i Norge og USA.” Romeriketun årbok/Romerike historielag, 16: 257-265 (1990).
The Solberg family in Norway and the United States. English summary.

Soltow, Lee. “Inequalities on the Eve of Mass Migration: Agricultural Holdings in Sweden and in the United States in 1845-1850.” The Scandinavian Economic History Review and Economy and History, 34, 3: 2 19-236 (1987).

“Søremsbufolk og andre i Amerika.” Årsskrift for Lesja historielag, 1989: 72-77.
People from Søremsbu and others in America.

Sorensen, Arne. “Ei Utvandrerhistorie.” Gamle Modum: Årskrift for Modum historielag, 1: 27-29 (1986).
Trygve R. Røed (1895- ) of øst Modum emigrated to Alberta, Canada, in 1917.

Stalheim, Erik. “Ei ferd fra Noreg til Amerika i 1886.” Gamalt frå Voss, 21: 43-51 (1989).
A journey to America in 1886.

Standal, Ragnar. “Gjerinnvandringa til ørsta på Sunnmøre.” Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History, Volume II, 183-187.
The effect of returning emigrants to Ørsta in Sunnmøre on local economic and cultural life.

Stang, Cæcilie. “‘ - at vi for eftertiden det bedre kan faa’: utvandringen fra Stange til Amerika 1848-1896.” Gammalt frå Stange og Romedal, 1987: 109- 120.
". . . . so that we can have things better after a while.” The emigration from Stange to America, 1848-1896.

Stang, Cæciie. “Med fattighjelp til USA.” Heimen, 2: 104-110 (1990).
With poor relief to the United States.

Strandskog, Børge. “Fra Amerika-utvandringens tid. En menneskeskjebne skildret ved hjelp av gamle brev.” Årbog for Hamarøy, 2: 48-54 (1989).
From the time of the emigration to America: a human fate illustrated with the help of old letters. Letters from people in the U.S. to Ingeborg Kristina Andersen in Norway.

Sunde, Arne. “Arnfinn Bruflot, norskamerikansk etterkrigsforfattar.” Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History, Volume II, 49-56.
Arnfinn Bruflot, born in Sunnfjord in 1904, emigrated to the U.S. in 1927 and worked for a time as journalist and editor for Western Viking. He wrote in “nynorsk” and published both in the U.S. and in Norway.

Swanson, Alan. “The Road to Perfection.” Scandinavian Studies, 60, 4: 437-444 (Autumn, 1988).
The theology of the leaders of the Bishop Hill Colony is explored.

Swanson, Mary T. “The Immigrant Molds the Image: The Life of B. J. O. Nordfelt.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 42, 2: 69-89 (April, 1991).
Swedish American becomes an artist of note.

Swensson, Swen Magnus. “An Emigrant’s Journey to America in 1907.” Translated by Rita Strombeck. The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 9, 4: 194-207 (October, 1989).
An emigrant from Sweden describes his trip from Gothenburg to Salt Lake City.

Thomasgaard, Brithe A. “Amerikabrev. Om mor og dotter sin lagnad i det nye landet.” Historisk årskrift/Hornindal historielag, 5: 68-72 (1989).
Brithe A. Thomasgaard emigrated in 1882 and wrote to her family in West Norway.

Thoring, Anton. “Livshistoria mi.” Årsskrift for Lesja historielag, 1990: 41-60.
Anton Thoring, born in 1895, emigrated in 1905. An autobiography.

Thorud, Richard A. “Old Muskego; The Most Historic Norwegian Colony.” The Sons of Norway Viking, 85, 12: 464-467; 485-489 (December, 1988).

Tomasgard, Paul O. “Utvandringa frå Hornindal til Amerika.” Hornindal historielag, 5: 50-61 (1989).
Emigration from Hornindal to America.

Tvete, Arnbjørg. “Utvandrere 1891-1906.” Årsskrift/Levanger historielag, 1989: 106-122.
Emigrants from Levanger in Nord-Trøndelag, 1891-1906.

Tvete, Arnbjørg and Sveinung Havik. “Utvandring til Amerika fra Levanger distriktet - Ytterøy kommune.” Årsskrift/Levanger historielag, 1988; 105-121.
A list of emigrants from 1868 to 1890.

“Utvandring til Amerika: fra kyrkjebøkene i Sør-Aurdal.” Sagn og soge i Søndre Ourdahl, 1990: 13-18.
A list of emigrants from the church register of Sør Aurdal.

“Utvandring til Amerika: fra Skånevik og Etne.” Etne sogelag/Årbok, 1988: 68-84.
Emigration from Skånevik to America.

Wadsworth, Clara and Ingunn Holm. “Fra Gildeskål til USA.” Gildeskålboka, 9: 38-40 (1989).
From Gildeskål in Nordland to the United States.

Wangsness, Sigrid Brevik. “Kvinden og Hjemmet: A Magazine for Scandinavian Immigrant Women, 1901-1910.” Norse Heritage 1989 Yearbook, 105-116.

Western Illinois Regional Studies. “Special Issue: Bishop Hill.” 12, 2 (Fall, 1989). Edited by Robert P. Sutton. Macomb, Illinois. 115 pp.
Contains seven articles on Eric Janssonism; the early settlement at Bishop Hill; the artist Olof Krans; and a bibliography of English language publications on Bishop Hill.

Williams, Anna. “När och Fjerran : A Swedish-American Family Magazine.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 40, 2: 53-69 (April, 1989).

Williamson, Erik Luther. “Doing What Had to Be Done’: Norwegian Lutheran Ladies Aid Societies of North Dakota.” North Dakota History, 57, 2: 2-13 (Spring, 1990).

 

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