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Some Recent Publications*
    compiled by Rolf H. Erickson with Norwegian listings by Johanna Barstad (Volume 32: Page 247)

*The compiler is grateful to Roger D. Sween, Multitype Library Cooperation Specialist, Library Development and Services, Minnesota Department of Education, for his invaluable assistance in checking information and for adding a number of items to the bibliography.


Alba, Richard D. Italian Americans: Into the Twilight of Ethnicity. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1985. ix, 182 pp.

Almås, Reidar. Norwegian Farmers in the USA: A Contemporary Report Based on the Stories of 36 Midwestern Families. Santa Cruz, California, 1988. 71 pp.

And All Our Yesterdays. Book 2. Beldenville, Wisconsin, 1987. 62 pp. A collection of essays on the history of Spring Valley, Wisconsin, many of which are about Norwegian Americans.

Anderson, John Louis. Scandinavian Humor & Other Myths. Minneapolis, 1986. 219 pp.
Presented as humor, this is also a perceptive look at an often neglected aspect of immigrant culture.

Anderson, Philip J., ed. Amicus Dei: Essays on Faith and Friendship Presented to Karl A. Olsson on His 75th Birthday. Chicago, 1988. xviii, 293 pp.
A festschrift for a Swedish American who was president of North Park College, Chicago. Includes fourteen essays and a seventy-nine page bibliography titled “Published and Unpublished Writings of Karl A. Olsson,” by Timothy J. Johnson.

Årsskrift, Etne sogelang. 63, 1986. 103 pp.
This yearbook contains articles on emigration from Sunnhordland and Nord-Rogaland to America by Nils Kolle, Ståle Dryvik, Martin Gjersvik, Olaf Holen, Loren Osman, and Ingvald Skålnes.

Beijbom, Ulf. Urvandrarna och Svensk-Amerika. Stockholm, 1986. 253 pp.
The emigration and Swedish America. A collection of essays by a leading scholar in the field.

Betsinger, Signe T. Nielsen. Danish Immigrant Homes: Glimpses from Southwestern Minnesota. St. Paul, Minnesota, 1986. 56 pp.
A well-illustrated catalog for an exhibition held March 9-April 25, 1986, at the University of Minnesota.

Bjerke, Robert A. Manitowoc County 1872 Plat Map Index: An Index of the Names on E. M. Harney’s Map of Manitowoc County Wisconsin 1872. Manitowoc, Wisconsin, 1985. 145 pp.
A useful tool for the local historian or genealogist studying the large Norwegian settlements in this Wisconsin county.

Bliss, Patricia Lounsbury. Christian Petersen Remembered. Ames, Iowa, 1986. 217 pp.
Reminiscences of students, colleagues, and family of a sculptor who emigrated with his parents from Denmark in 1894. Illustrated with 100 photographs of Petersen’s sculptures.

Bodnar, John E. The Transplanted: A History of Immigrants in Urban America. Bloomington, Indiana, 1985. xxi, 294 pp.

The Bridge. 10, 2, 1987. 82 pp.
This issue consists of ten articles about Enok Mortensen, the well-known authority on Danish-American history and life.

Browning, Harley L. and Rodolfo O. de la Garza, eds. Mexican Immigrants and Mexican Americans: An Evolving Relation. Austin, Texas, 1986. 256 pp.
A collection of twelve essays. “written principally by sociologists from the University of Texas at Austin,” which “focuses on distinctions and differences between individuals of Mexican origin who were born in the United States and Mexican-born legal and illegal immigrants”

Christensen, Elisabeth Riber and John Pedersen, compilers. Bibliografi over dansk-amerikansk Udvandrerhistorie. Aalborg Denmark, 1986. 243 pp.
A bibliography on Danish emigration from 1840 to 1920 and Danish-American history to 1983.

Christianson, Erik, compiler. Symra Index 1905-1914. [Decorah, Iowa, 1987]. 12 pp.

Clark, Dennis. Hibernia America: The Irish and Regional Cultures. Westport, Connecticut, 1986. xix, 213 pp.
“A major contribution to Irish-American and ethnic historiography. Clark is primarily concerned with how the Irish adapted to America and how the American experience influenced their character.”

Damm, Jens and Anette, and Stig Thornsohn, eds. The Dream of America. Translated by Hanne Ejsing Jorgensen and Daniel McCarthy. Viborg, Denmark, 1986. 140 pp.
The exhibit by this name about Danish-American life was the inspiration and basis for this book of seventeen essays.

Daniels, Roger, Sandra C. Taylor, and Harry H. L. Kitano, eds. Japanese Americans: From Relocation to Redress. Salt Lake City, 1986. 216 pp.
Some thirty essays on Japanese Americans, ‘focusing on their wartime relocation.”

Draxten, Nina. The Testing of M. Falk Gjertsen. Northfield, Minnesota, 1988. 134 pp.
The involvement of a Minneapolis Lutheran minister in a sexual scandal which threatened to destroy his career. Published as volume four in the Topical Studies series by the Norwegian-American Historical Association.

Dyrvik, Ståle and Nils Kolie, eds. Ett bildare tilvere? Drivkrefter og motiv i den tid legaste utvandringa frå Hordaland og Sogn og Fjordane. Voss, 1986. 215 pp.
Motivational forces in the earliest emigration from Hordland and Sogn and Fjordane. Twelve papers about emigration from Hordaland and Sogn and Fjordane given at a seminar in conjunction with the 150th anniversary of emigration from Voss held in Voss, April 18-20, 1986.

Eide, Harald. The Norwegian: A Rollicking Tale of Wild Trails and the Lure of Gold. Edmonds, Washington, 1982. 128 pp.
Fiction first published in 1975 under the title The Alaska Adventures of a Norwegian Cheechako

Fåberg og Lillehammer. 7, 1986. 178 pp.
This issue, with the title “Utvandringen,” deals with emigration from Fåberg and Lillehammer to America.

Gerrard, Nelson S. The Icelandic Heritage. Arborg, Manitoba, Canada, 1986. 127 pp.
A general history of the Icelandic people with a chapter on emigration to America.

Gilseth, Margaret Chrislock. Julia’s Children: A Norwegian Immigrant Family in Minnesota. St. Charles, Minnesota, 1987. 443 pp.
“Although the focus is on the second generation, we become involved in three generations from the 1870s to World War II.” Foreword by Carl H. Chrislock.

Greene, Victor R. American Immigrant Leaders, 1800-1910: Marginality and Identity. Baltimore, 1987. xii, 181 pp.
“The chapter on the Norwegians and Swedes invites the reader to revise sonic old ideas.”

Hale, Frederick. Their Own Saga. Minneapolis, 1986. 183 pp.
Letters written by Scandinavian immigrants in the United States, Canada, Australia, South Africa, and several other countries in the years from the 1880s until the 1930s.

Hamre, James S. Georg Sverdrup: Educator, Theologian, Churchman, Northfield, Minnesota, 1986. 218 pp.
Published as volume one in the Biographical Series of the Norwegian-American Historical Association.

Hasund, Knut J. and Asbjørn Waage. Ulstein og Hareid i Amerika. Ulsteinvik, Norway. 1986. 271 pp.
Summary in English.

Hernt, William R. Stef: A Biography of Vilhjalmur Stefansson, Canadian Arctic Explorer. Vancouver, 1986. 317 pp.

Hoerder, Dirk , ed. Labor Migration in the Atlantic Economies: The European and North American Working Classes During the Period of Industrialization. Westport, Connecticut, 1985. 491 pp.

Hong, Margot Hojfors. Olånningar över haven. Utvandring från Oland 1840-1930. Uppsala, 1986. 276 pp.
Emigration from the island of Öland, Sweden, 1840-1930. Published as number 143 of the series. Studia Historica Upsaliensia.

Hought, Anna Guttormsen with Florence Ekstrand. Anna. Seattle, Washington, 1986. 142 pp.
Autobiography of a girl from Oslo who settled in northern Montana.

Johansson, Anders. Amerika. Dröm eller mardröm. Stockholm, 1985. 235 pp.
America - dream or nightmare? A series of interviews with Swedish Immigrants to America, largely after World War I. The book has come under criticism for its biases.

Jonassen, Christen T. Value Systems amid Personality in a Western Civilization: Norwegians in Europe and America. Columbus, Ohio, 1983. xvii, 357 pp.

Jordan, Terry G. American Log Buildings: An Old World Heritage. Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 1985. x, 193 pp.
An attempt to resolve the debate over the European antecedents of American log technology with field research in the Alps and southwestern Germany, southern Finland, Soviet Karelia, Sweden, and Norway.

Jordahl, Leigh and Harris Kaasa. Stability amid Change: Luther College in its Second Century. Decorah, Iowa, 1986. 263 pp.

Kaplan, Anne R., Marjorie A. Hoover, and Willard B. Moore. The Minnesota Ethnic Food Book. St. Paul, Minnesota, 1986. 449 pp.
Fourteen essays and more than 150 authentic recipes documenting traditional foods and foodways of fourteen ethnic groups.

Keillor, Garrison. Lake Wobegon Days. New York, 1985. 337 pp.
Fiction featuring an imaginary town peopled with German and Norwegian immigrants, much of which was first heard on Minnesota Public Radio’s program. “A Prairie Home Companion.”

Keillor, Garrison. Leaving Home. New York, 1987, 244 pp.
A collection of Lake Wobegon stories.

Keillor, Steven J. Hjalmar Petersen of Minnesota: The Politics of Provincial Independence, St. Paul, Minnesota 1987. xii, 342 pp.
A biography of a politician who rose to prominence in Minnesota’s Farmer-Labor Party and served briefly as governor following the death in office of Floyd B. Olson.

Kirn, Mary Em and Sherry Case Maurer. Hårute - Out Here: Swedish Immigrant Artists in Midwest America: An Exhibition of Works from Augustana College and the Quad Cities Community. Rock Island, Illinois, 1983, 144 pp.
A well-illustrated exhibition catalog with eight essays.

Kolltveit, Bård. Amerikabåtene. Oslo, 1984, 112 pp.
The passenger ships of the Norwegian America Line brought immigrants from Norway to America.

Knudsen, Knud . Beretning om en reise fra Drammen I Norge til New York i Nord-Amerika. Drammen, 1986. xxi, 27 pp.
Facsimile edition of a work originally published in Drammen in 1840.

Kongslien, Ingeborg Ragnhild. Drammen omn fridom og jord. Ein studie i skandinaviske emigrantromaner. Oslo, 1986. 446 pp.
A study of Scandinavian emigrant novels by Johan Boyer, Ole E. Rølvaag. Wilhelm Moberg, and Alfred Hauge.

Kvelstad, Ragnvald, ed. Poulsbo: Its First Hundred Years. Poulsbo, Washington, 1986. 300 pp.

Kverndal, Roald. Seaman’s Missions: Their Origin and Early Growth. Pasadena, California, 1986. 936 pp.
Includes information about Norwegian merchant seamen’s missions in the United States.

Laird. Helen. Carl Oscar Borg & the Magic Region: Artist of the American West. Salt Lake City, 1986. xvi, 248 pp.
Includes 125 illustrations. 40 in color.

Lee, Robert Lloyd. Fever Saga. Minneapolis, 1985, 160 pp.
A fictionalized account of the life of Thrond Helgeson Opdahl (1847-1898), a Norwegian-American pioneer from Valdres.

Leiren, Terje I Marcus Thrane: A Norwegian Radical in America . Northfield, Minnesota, 1987. 167 pp.
Published as volume two in the Biographical Series of the Norwegian-American Historical Association.

Leirfall, Jon. Old Tunes in Norway. Translated by C. A. Clausen. Oslo, 1986. 126 pp. Introduction by Odd S. Lovoll.

Lindahl, Sharon L. Through Norwegian Eyes: Paintings by Christian Midjo 1880-1973. Ithaca, New York, 1986. [24 pp.]
An exhibition catalog with a biography of an artist from Trondheim, who taught at Cornell University. 17 illustrations.

Lovoll, Odd S. A Century of Urban Life: The Norwegians in Chicago before 1930. Northfield, Minnesota, 1988. 367 pp.

Lovoll, Odd S., ed Norwegian-American Studies. Vol. 31. Northfield, Minnesota, 1986. 347 pp.
Published by the Norwegian-American Historical Association. The contents are listed individually by authors in the following section on articles. The volume contains twelve articles largely devoted to immigrant life in America’s great cities and published “In Honor of C. A. Clausen on His Ninetieth Birthday.”

Lowell, Briant Lindsay. Scandinavian Exodus: Demography and Social Development of 19th-Century Rural Communities. Boulder, Colorado, 1987. xxiii, 262 pp.

Magee, Joan. A Scandinavian Heritage: 200 Years of Scandinavian Presence in the Windsor-Detroit Border Region. Toronto, 1985. 128 pp.
Published as volume three in the Dundurn Local History Series.

Mayer, George H, The Political Career of Floyd B. Olson. St. Paul, Minnesota, 1987. 329 pp.
A Minnesota politician who forged Minnesota’s successful Farmer-Labor coalition during the 1920s and became the state’s governor from 1931 to 1936. First issued in 1951, this edition has an introduction by Russell W. Fridley.

McCree, Barbro Persson. John Sjolander: The Poet of Cedar Bayou. Austin, Texas, 1987. xi, 185 pp.
A biography and anthology of the poetry of John Sjolander (1851-1939), who came to Texas from Sweden in 1871 and worked as a truck gardener while writing poetry.

Miller, Sally M., ed, The Ethnic Press in the United States, New York, 1987, 459 pp.
Twenty-seven ethnic presses are described: included are “The Norwegian-American Press” by Arlow W. Andersen; “The Swedish Press” by Ulf A, Beijbom; “The Finnish Press” by William Hoglund; and “The Danish Press” by Marion Tuttle Marzolf.

Mission of Mercy . . . Women of Action. Park Ridge, Illinois, 1985. 39 pp.
A brief history of the deaconess movement in Chicago and the Norwegian Lutheran Deaconess Society of Chicago established in 1896.

Mohl, Raymond A. and Neil Betten. Steel City: Urban and Ethnic Patterns in Gary, Indiana, 1906-1950. New York, 1986. 227 pp.

Mormino, Gary Ross. Immigrants on the Hill: Italian-Americans in St. Louis, 1882-1982. Urbana, Illinois, 1986. xi, 289 pp.

Natvik, Hallvard. Frå husmann til borgar: To slekterfrå Nadvik i Sogn. Utvandrarar 1845-1976/From dependence to freedom: Two family groups from Nadvik in the district of Sogn. Emigrants 1845-1976. Volda, Norway [1986]. 203 pp.

New Sweden: the 350th Anniversary of the Settlement of the Swedes and Finns in Delaware. Newark, Delaware, 1988, 32 pp.
“An Exhibition Catalog with an Introduction by John A. Monroe; Entries Compiled by Gary E. Yela.” Published by the University of Delaware Library for an exhibition March 1-July 15, 1988.

Nordstrom, Byron J., ed, Dictionary of Scandinavian History. Westport, Connecticut, 1986. xix, 703 pp.
A work “intended for the entrance level historian.”

Norman, Hans and Harald Rundblom. Transatlantic Connections: Nordic Migration to the New World after 1800. Oslo [1988]. 335 pp.

Nygaard, Kaare, Knife, Life and Bronzes: Sculpture and Vignettes. Scarsdale, New York, 1986. 192 pp.
Autobiographical writing by a Norwegian-American sculptor, surgeon, and humanist born in Lillehammer. Illustrations and background on 44 sculptures.

Prouty, Andrew Mason, More Deadly Than War! Pacific Coast Logging, 182 7-1981, New York, 1985. 252 pp.

Rasmussen, Rasmus Elias. “Viking” from Norway to America. Translated by Helen Fletre. Chicago, 1984. 95 pp.
A partial translation of “Viking” fra Norge til Amerika, an account of the sailing of the Viking from Norway to the Colombian Exposition in Chicago in 1893, which was published in 1894.

Rockaway, Robert A. The Jews of Detroit: From the Beginning, 1762-1914. Detroit, 1986. xi, 162 pp.

Rølvaag, Ole E. I de dage. Riketgrunnlegges. Peder Seier. Den signede dag. Oslo, 1987. 836 pp.
A new Norwegian edition of Rølvaag’s immigrant trilogy. Four volumes published in one in the series Gigantbøkene.

Rosendahl, Peter. More Han Ola og Han Per. Edited by Einar Haugen and Joan N. Buckley. Iowa City, 1988. xxvi, 167 pp.
The remaining comic strips not included in the first collection published in 1984. A bilingual edition.

Rosholt, Malcolm. From the Indian Land: First-Hand Account of Central Wisconsin’s Pioneer Life. Iola, Wisconsin, 1985. iv, 348 pp.
A history of the Scandinavian settlements in Waupaca county with a translation by Rosholt of pertinent stories from the second volume of Thor Helgesen’s Fra “Indianernes Lande” og andre steder i Wisconsin.

Rundblom, Harald and Dag Blanck, eds. Scandinavia Overseas: Patterns of Cultural Transformation in North America and Australia. Uppsala, 1986. 145 pp.
Published as number seven of the series Uppsala Multiethnic Papers, it contains the papers delivered at a seminar at Uppsala University, October 18, 1984.

Rutzebeck, Hjalmar. Alaska Man’s Luck and Other Works. Compiled and edited by Clark Branson. Santa Barbara, California, 1988. 610 pp.
Rutzebeck (1889-1980) was a Danish immigrant and adventurer who became a legend in his own time in Alaska.

Sande, Lars Chr., ed. De som dro ut. Stavanger, 1986. 160 pp.
An abridged edition of the same title published in 1975. Articles about the Norwegian migration to America with an emphasis on Rogaland.

Sande, Lars Chr. Norsemen Follow the Trail. Translated by Rosalie Rayburn. Stavanger, 1986. 160 pp.
A translation of De som dro ut listed above.

Scandinavian Literature in a Transcultural Context. Edited by Sven H. Rossel and Birgitta Steene. Seattle, 1986. 285 pp.
Papers from the XV IASS Conference, University of Washington, August 12-18, 1984.

Sherman, William C. and Playford V. Thorson, eds. Plains Folk: North Dakota’s Ethnic History, Fargo, 1988. 419 pp.

Simonson, Harold P. Prairies Within: The Tragic Trilogy of Ole Rølvaag. Seattle, 1987. vii, 103 pp.
Beret, the central figure of Giants in the Earth, Peder Victorious, and Their Fathers’ God, is examined in establishing Rølvaag’s portrayal of the immigrant experience.

Skårdal, Dorothy Burton and Ingeborg R. Kongslien. Essays on Norwegian-American Literature and History. Oslo, 1986. 375 pp.
Twenty-six papers given at a seminar held in Oslo, June 26-30, 1984, published by NAHA-Norway, the American Institute, University of Oslo, and the International Summer School, the University of Oslo.

Skuggevik, Dordi Glærum. Utvandrings historie fra Nordmøre. Stangvik og Surnadal prestegjeld. Surnadal, Norway, 1986. 460 pp.
Emigration history from Nordmøre. Summary in English.

Steiner, Dale R. Of Thee We Sing: Immigrants and American History. San Diego, 1987. 259 pp.
The life of Norwegian-American Gro Svendsen is presented in chapter 8.

Strøm, Elm and Wenche Herwig. Norwegians to America. Oslo, 1984. 80 pp.
Book prepared for the “Promise of America” exhibit when it opened in Oslo in June, 1984.

Swierenga, Robert P., ed. The Dutch in America: Immigration, Settlement, amid Cultural Change. New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1985. xv, 303 pp.
Thirteen papers on Dutch immigration presented at the Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies in the fall of 1982.

Thompson, Harry F., Arthur R. Huseboe, and Sandra Olsen Looney, eds. A Common Land, a Diverse People: Ethnic Identity on the Prairie Plains. Sioux Falls, South Dakota, 1987. 190 pp.

Upton, Dell, ed. America’s Architectural Roots: Ethnic Groups That Built America. Washington, D.C., 1986. 193 pp.
Included are essays on the Danes by Thomas Carter, the Finns by Matti Kaups, the Norwegians by Darrell D. Henning, and the Swedes by Lena Andersson-Palmquist.

von Holt, Ida Elizabeth Knudsen. Stories of Long Ago: Niiliua, Kauai, Oahu. Honolulu, Hawaii, 1985. 158 pp.
A revised edition of the stories of Mrs. von Holt (1868-1941). Included is an essay on Valdemar Knudsen, the author’s father, who emigrated from Oslo to the United States in the I 850s and later settled in the kingdom of Hawaii.

Weatherford, Doris. Foreign and Female: Immigrant Women in America, 1840-1930. New York, 1986. 288 pp.
Contains numerous references to Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish immigrants.

Wefald, Knud. Dikt i Samling: Selected Poetry. Edited by Øyvind Tveitereid Gulliksen. [Porsgrunn], Norway, 1987. 120 pp.
Twenty-nine poems by a noted Norwegian-American poet (1869-1936), five in English.

Wheeler, Wayne. An Analysis of Social Change in a Swedish-Immigrant Community: The Case of Lindsborg, Kansas. New York, 1986. 386 pp.

Wretlind, Eric. A Swedish City Directory of Boston 1881. Translated and edited with notes by Nils William Olsson. Winter Park, Florida, 1985. 78 pp.


Andersen, Arlow W. “Danish Methodists in the United States.” The Bridge, 10,1: 20-38 (1987).

Andersen, Arlow W. “The Haymarket Affair and the Norwegian Immigrant Press.” Norwegian-American Studies, 31: 97-112 (1986).
A survey of contemporary Norwegian-American press opinion on a significant event in the American labor movement.

Andersen, Arlow W. “Reflections on Denmark As It Was, and Emigration to America.” The Bridge, 9,1: 17-35 (1986).

Anderson, Alan B. “Scandinavian Settlements in Saskatchewan: Migration History and Changing Ethnocultural Identity.” Scandinavian-Canadian Studies: Etudes Scandinaves au Canada, 2: 89-113 (1986).

Anderson, Lorna. “Telelaget i USA.” Telemark Historie, 8: 54-60 (1987).
The society of emigrants and their descendants from Telemark in the United States.

Andersson-Palmquist, Lena. “Buildings on Swedish-American Farms in Two Minnesota Communities.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 38, 1: 13-28 (January, 1987).

Bakken, Reidar. “Grøneriet ved Teksle-bottornen; eksempel på norskamerikansk bygningshistorie i Iowa.” Norveg, 30: 127-147 (1987).
With English summary. The granary at Teksle-bottom. An example of Norwegian-American building in Iowa. The granary is now at the Norwegian Emigrant Museum, Hamar, Norway.

Bakken, Reidar. “En solungs amerikanske hus; tilpasninger til kultur og naturmiljø.” Nytt omn gammalt. Glomndalsmuseets årbok, 1986, 69-87.
The article is based on a study of a timber house now at the Norwegian Emigrant Museum, Hamar, which was built in Norman, North Dakota. in 1871 by Peder Borderud, an emigrant from Grue in Solør.

Barton, H. Arnold. “Bibliography of Articles Published, 1950-1985.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 37, 1: 3-33 (January, 1986).

Barton, H. Arnold. “Måns Jakob’s Grindstone, or Documentary Sources arid the Transference of Swedish Material Culture to North America.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 38, 1: 29-40 (January, 1987).

Beatty, William K. “The Jens Nyholm Papers.” The Bridge, 8, 2: 60-68 (1985).
Jens Nyholm from Denmark was Northwestern’s University Librarian from 1944-1968 and his extensive papers are preserved in the University Archives.

Beijbom, Ulf A. “From Sweden to America.” Scandinavian Review, 73, 4: 93-103 (Winter, 1983).

Beijbom, Ulf A. “The Swedish Emigrants’ Liverpool.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 38, 3: 97-1 16 (July, 1987).

Betsinger, Signe Nielsen. “The Danish Immigrant.” The Bridge, 9, 1: 5-16 (1986).
A recounting of the establishment of the Danish Immigrant Museum Committee and the decision not to establish a central Danish-American Archives but to rely on the Danish Immigrant Archival Listing (DIAL).

Bjaaland, Pat. “Meet Dik Browne the Wonderful, Creator of Hagar the Horrible.” The Norseman, 27, 6: 22-25 (November, 1987).
An American cartoonist has created a comic strip about a Norwegian Viking which has proved popular with Norwegians and Norwegian Americans alike.

Bjårnson, Valdimar. “Preserving Tradition: The Icelandic-Americans.” Scandinavian Review, 73, 4: 73-79 (Winter, 1985).

Blanck, Dag. “History at Work: The 1888 New Sweden Jubilee.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 39, 2: 5-20 (April, 1988).

Cartwright, Carol Lohry. “Rock Island: The Personification of Chester H. Thordarson.” Wisconsin Magazine of History, 69, 3: 211-227 (Spring, 1986).
A wealthy Chicago electrical inventor and businessman, born in Iceland, designed and supervised the construction of six unusual stone buildings on his estate on Rock Island, Door county, Wisconsin. His book collection was acquired by the University of Wisconsin after his death and forms part of the library’s history of science collection.

Chrislock, Carl H. “Profile of a Ward Boss: The Political Career of Lars M. Rand.” Norwegian-American Studies, 31: 35-72 (1986).
Rand, a Norwegian-American Minneapolis politician, was able to advance politically by responding to the divisions, needs, and interests within his constituency, the sixth ward.

Christensen, Carl Christian Anton. “By Handcart to Utah.” Translated by Richard L. Jensen. Nebraska History, 66, 4: 333-348 (Winter, 1985).
Reminiscences by a Danish immigrant artist who made the trek to Salt Lake City in 1857.

Christianson, J. R. “Early Landscape Mimics European Model.” Luther, 21, 2: 5 (April, 1986); “Luther Campus: monument to prairie school. ”Luther, 21, 3: 7-8 (August, 1986); “Recultivating Luther’s ‘Symbolic Prairies’.” Luther, 22, 1: 10 (January, 1987).
A history of Danish-American Jens Jensen’s landscaping work on the Luther College campus, Decorah, Iowa, with a proposal to restore the original plan and extend it.

Christianson, J. R. “Jens Jensen and the Prairie School Campus of Luther College.” The Palimpsest, 67, 4: 130-140 (July/August, 1988).

Christianson, J. R. “Marcus Lee Hansen Returns to his Roots.” The Bridge, 10, 1: 67-81 (1987).

Clausen, C. A. “Some Recent Publications.” Norwegian-American Studies, 31:305-316 (1986).
A listing of books and articles, published largely during the years 1982-1985, dealing with immigration history.

Cleven, Harry T. “A. B. Wilse: Immigrant With a Camera.” The Norseman, 26, 3: 19 (July, 1986).
Anders Beers Wilse (1865-1949) of Flekkefjord learned the photography trade in the United States between 1884 and 1900 and returned to Norway to become a successful photographer.

Daniels, Roger. “Japanese America, 1930-1941: An Ethnic Community in the Great Depression.” Journal of the West, 24, 4: 35-49 (October, 1985).

Draxten, Nina. “Laurits Stavnheim.” The Sons of Norway Viking, 82, 12: 434-435, 456 (December, 1985).
A biographical sketch of one of the early officers of the Sons of Norway in Minneapolis.

Erickson, Rolf H. “Norwegian-American Artists’ Exhibitions Described in Checklists and Catalogs.” Norwegian-American Studies, 31: 283-304 (1986).
Art exhibitions were urban phenomena in Norwegian-American life. Six illustrations.

Erickson, Rolf H. and Nils William Olsson. “Scandinavian Physicians in Chicago 1887-1912.” Swedish-American Genealogist, 6, 1: 1-12 (March, 1986).

Ericson, Kathryn. “Triple Jeopardy: The Muus vs. Muus Case in Three Forums.” Minnesota History, 50, 8: 298-308 (Winter, 1987).
The divorce case of Pastor B. J. Muus and his wife, Oline, gained wide attention.

Fagerhaug, Tore. “Ola J. Rise.” Bøgda vår. Årsskrift far lokalhistorie, 1987, 4-10.
During his stay in America, 1899-1909, Rise published a book and wrote poems for Norwegian-American periodicals and newspapers.

Fink, Deborah. “Anna Oleson: Rural Family and Community in Iowa, 1880-1920.” Annals of Iowa, 48: 5-6, 251-263 (Summer/Fall, 1986).
Anna Ravnaas Oleson of Strand, Norway, became a central figure in a Friends settlement in O’Brien county, Iowa.

Fløystad, Ingeborg. “Kvinnene i (det ville) Vesten: En gren av amerikanske kvinners historie og norske immigrantkvinners plass i den.” Historisk Tidsskrift, 66, 2: 209-222 (1987).
Women in the (wild) West. A survey of literature about this part of the history of American women and about the role Norwegian immigrant women played in it.

Foss, Hans A. “The Pioneer’s Christmas.” Translated by Sigvald Stoylen. The Sons of Norway Viking, 83, 12: 484-485 (December, 1986).

Friedman, Philip S. “The Danish Community of Chicago.” The Bridge, 8, 1: 5-95 (1985).

Furman, Anastasia. “What Was the Yeppo of Yesteryear?” Winchester Academy Round Table, 1986, 25-28.
An account of a Norwegian-American outdoor game.

Gaukstad, Even. “Utvandrerne og det Norge de forlot.” Maihaugen, 1980-1985: 9-37.
The exhibit by this name about the emigrants and the country they left is described in text and pictures.

Gilbertson, Donald E. “Norwegian Antiques: Recognition of a Rich Wisconsin Heritage.” Antique Review, September, 1987, 37-41.
A well-illustrated article discussing items brought from Norway by immigrants, articles constructed by immigrants to furnish their homes, and articles imported for commercial purposes.

Gjerde, Jon. “Conflict and Community: a Case Study of the Immigrant Church in the United States. ” Journal of Social History, 19, 4: 68 1-697 (Summer, 1986).

Gjersvik, Martin. “Karmøys rolle i utvandringen til Amerika.” Ætt og heim. Lokalhistorisk årbok for Rogaland, 1986, 153-164.
The island of Karmøy’s impact on emigration to America.

Gladhaug, Ole A. “Fra Valdres til Alaska - Historien om Mikkel Gladhaug.” Sagn og Soge i Søndre Ourdahl, 1986, 50-56.
An emigrant from South Aurdal, Valdres, first settled in Wisconsin in 1866, later explored in the West, went on to seek gold in Alaska in the I 890s, and died in Wyoming in 1901.

Grindal, Gracia. “Linka Preus’ Sketches of Iowa.” The Palimpsest, 67, 4: 118-129 (July/August, 1986).
The wife of Herman Preus, pioneer pastor of the Norwegian Lutheran Synod, sketched for her own amusement between 1858 and 1866 and left a remarkable record of her life. Thirteen illustrations.

Gulliksen, Øyvind T. “Amerikabrev i Telemark,” Telemark Historie, 8: 7-23 (1987).

Gulliksen, Øyvind T. “In Defense of a Norwegian-American Culture: Waldemar Ager’s Sons of the Old Country.” American Studies in Scandinavia, 19, 1: 39-52 (1987).

Gulliksen, Øyvind T. “Rui-folket frå Kilen i Kviteseid reiser til Amerika.” Årbok for Telemark, 32: 21-41 (1986).

Gullikson, Øyvind T. and Carla R. Waal. “Peder Kristoffersen Waal; En utvandrer fra Notodden.” Notodden historielag årsskrift, 4: 66-77 (1986).

Gunderson, Ida. “Dagbok fra en reise med prærievogn fra Mitchell County i Iowa till Chippewa County i Minnesota høsten 1899.” Solør-Odal, 9, 6, no. 2: 237-244 (1986).

Hallberg, Carl V. “Nineteenth-Century Colorado Through Swedish Eyes.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 36,2: 112-132 (April, 1985).

Hanson, Henry. “Yankee from Småland: An Immigrant Saga.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 36, 2: 133-144.
A biography of the senior Henry Hanson, the author’s father, who emigrated to Middletown, Connecticut, where he worked as a machinist and took an active part in church and community affairs.

Harvey, Anne-Charlotte and Richard H. Hulan. “‘Teater, Visafton och Bal’: The Swedish-American Road Show in Its Heyday.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 37, 3: 126-141 (July, 1986).

Haugen, Einar. “‘Dear Sara Alelia’: An Episode in Rølvaag’s Life.” Norwegian-American Studies, 31: 269-282 (1986).
Hitherto unknown correspondence between the Norwegian-American novelist and Marie Halling Swensen of Norway.

Heyerdahl, Johan Fr. “Arley Bjella: Norsk ess i Minneapolis.” The Norseman, 27, 5: N-4-5 (September, 1987).
An interview with the retiring president of Lutheran Brotherhood.

Higham, John. “The Mobilization of Immigrants in Urban America.” Norwegian-American Studies, 31: 3-33 (1986).
A review of the scholarly debate about the immigrant’s impact of urban America.

"History of the Leif Erikson Statue in Boston.” Norway Times/Nordisk Tidende, October 8, 1987, 5, 7.
The statue, the first of Leif Ericson to be erected in the United States, is 100 years old.

Hoglund, A. William. “Finnish-Americans and Their Disappearing Immigrant Generation.” Scandinavian Review, 73, 4: 62-71 (Winter, 1985).

Jacobson, Charlotte, “From the Archives.” Norwegian-American Studies, 31: 317-323 (1986).
A listing, with brief analyses, of recent acquisitions by the Archives of the Norwegian-American Historical Association, Northfield, Minnesota.

Jensen, Karl. “Karl Jensen’s Diary.” Winchester Academy Round Table, 1986, 3-23.
A translation of a diary written by a Dane from Jutland during his journey to America in 1903.

Jenswold, John R. “‘I Live Well, But . . . ‘: Letters from Norwegians in Industrial America.” Norwegian-American Studies, 31: 113-129 (1986).
Documentation of the experiences of Norwegian immigrant workers in the 1890s.

Jenswold, John R. “In Search of a Norwegian-American Working Class.” Minnesota History, 50, 2: 63-70 (Summer, 1986).
Originally published in Norwegian in Samtiden, 93, 3: 9-17 (1985).

Jenswold, John R. “The Missing Dimension: The Historiography of the Urban Norwegian Immigrants.” The Immigration History Newsletter, 18, 1: 4-7 (May, 1986).

Jonassen, Christen T. “The Norwegian Heritage in Urban America: Conflict and Cooperation in a Norwegian Immigrant Community.” Norwegian-American Studies, 31: 73-95 (1986).
Transplanted ethnic value systems and attitudes, as well as American patterns, influenced behavior and produced both conflict and cooperation in the Norwegian Brooklyn community.

Johnson, Emeroy, “Early History of Chisago Lake Reexamined.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 39, 1: 215-225 (January, 1988).

Klevstrand, Rolf. “Norske farmasøyter i USA.” Norges apotekerforenings tidsskrift, 90: 303-305 (1982); 92: 233-236 (1984); 93: 257-262 (1985); 94: 244-247 (1986); 95: 218-221 (1987).
A series of five articles on Norwegian immigrant pharmacists in the United States, with summaries in English: (1) Albert Bellerud (1849-1921); (2) Peter Olivarmus Bugge (1875-1970); (3) Norwegian pharmacists in Chicago; (4) Norwegian pharmacists in Minneapolis; (5) views on American pharmacy. Kongslien, Ingeborg R. “Fiction as Interpretation of the Emigrant Experience: The Novels of Johan Bojer, O. E. Rølvaag, Vilhelm Moberg and Alfred Hauge.” American Studies in Scandinavia, 18,2: 83-92 (1986).

Kongslien, Ingeborg Ragnhild. "Fiction as interpretation of the Emigrant experience: The Novels of Johan Boyer, Ole E. Rølvaag, Wilhelm Moberg, and Alfred Hauge." American Studies in Scandinavia, 18, 2: 83-92 (1986)

Kongslien, Ingeborg R. “‘Härborta - därhemma’: The Emigration Process as Depicted by O. E. Rølvaag, Vilhelm Moberg, and Alfred Hauge.” Scandinavian Literature in a Transcultural Context, Rossel and Steene, eds. 267-270.

[Langton, Charles.] “Minnekirken, a Norwegian Landmark.” Norwegian-American Museum Newsletter, 22, 1: [1, 8] (Spring, 1987).
Minnekirken is the last surviving Norwegian-language church in Chicago.

Larsen, Karl. “Sketches of My Life.” The Bridge, 9, 2: 29-42 (1986).
A Danish immigrant worked as a commercial artist in Detroit.

Larsson, Evert A. “Pastor Eric Biörck and the Revival of Swedish Religious Life in the Delaware Valley.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 36, 2: 83-92 (April, 1985).
An account of the efforts of a Swedish pastor in the 1690s.

Liestman, Daniel. “The Chinese in the Black Hills, 1876-1932.” Journal of the West, 27, 1: 74-83 (January, 1988).
A small but significant number of Chinese were lured by the gold rush in the Black Hills of the Dakota Territory but, because of white resentment against their mining of gold, instead provided services to the miners with laundries and restaurants.

Lindquist, Emory. “Sweden’s Search for Answers: The Emigration Survey, Then and Now.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 37, 4: 159-173 (October, 1986).
A reflection on the impact of the study authorized by the Swedish Parliament and issued between 1907-1913.

Lovoll, Odd S. “On Being a Norwegian-American in the 1980s.” Scandinavian Review, 73, 4: 80-91 (Winter, 1985).

Lovoll, Odd S. “Washington Posten: A Window on a Norwegian-American Urban Community.”Norwegian-American Studies, 31: 163-186 (1986).
The role of the immigrant press in the Norwegian community of Seattle.

MacLeish, William H. “New England fishermen battle the winter ocean on Georges Bank.” Smithsonian, 16, 2: 105-116 (May, 1985).
Adapted from Oil and Water: The Struggle for Georges Bank (Boston, 1985). Norwegian-American fishermen from New Bedford, Massachusetts, give interviews.

Magnusson, Brian. “Olof Grafström: An Immigrant Artist Portrays the Early Pacific Northwest, 1886-1890.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 37, 2: 42-59 (April, 1986).

Mamen, Hans Christian. “Fra Vestfold til Vesterheimen i litt om Amerika-emigrasjonen fra Jarlsberg og Larvik Amt.” Vestfoldminne, 1987,24-31.

Metcalf, Michael F. “Letters from the Delaware, I: The Rev. Erick Bjorck, March 22, 1698.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 39, 1: 195-214 (January, 1988).

Miller, Deborah L. “Minneapolis Picture Album, 1870-1935: Images of Norwegians in the City.” Norwegian-American Studies, 31: 131-162 (1986).
Thirty-one illustrations.

Moen, Per. “Norsk språk i USA idag - fins det?” The Norseman, 28, 1: N-6 (January, 1988).
Article on Norwegian language in the United States today, based on interviews in Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, and Wisconsin.

Mørner, Magnus. “The Swedish Migrants to Texas.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 38, 2: 49-74 (April, 1987).

Mosbæk, Ludvig. “A Transplanted Dane Looks Back on 80 Years.”
Translated by Edith Kilgren, abridged and edited by Olga S. Opfell. The Bridge, 10, 1: 39-66 (1987).

Muehlberg, Julie. “Round Robin Celebrates Centennial Flight.” The Sons of Norway Viking, 82, 7: 221-223 (July, 1985).
The descendants of Abel and Cathrine Anderson’s nine children (Rasmus Bjørn Anderson of Madison was one) keep alive a round-robin letter begun in 1885.

Nelson, Marion J. “American Woodcarvers from Telemark,” in Telemark Historie, 8: 24-53 (1987).

Nelson, Marion J. “J. Theodore Sohner 1906-1962.” Norwegian-American Museum Newsletter, 21, 3: [1-6] (Fall, 1986).
A catalog of the work of a Norwegian-American artist from St. Paul, Minnesota, for exhibits held in Decorah, Iowa, and Minneapolis.

Nelson, Marion J. “Land and Sea; the Art of William Torjesen 1897-1971.“ Norwegian-American Museum Newsletter, 21, 1: 1-6 (Spring, 1986).
Illustrated catalog of an exhibition of paintings by a Norwegian immigrant painter from Kristiansand held in Decorah, Iowa.

Nøkkentved, Christian D. “Migration in Nineteenth-Century Rural Denmark: The Case of Magleby Parish.” Scandinavian Studies, 59, 4: 389-403 (Autumn, 1987).

Oberg, Elmer B. “The Farm Life of a Swedish Immigrant in Illinois, circa 1900-1925.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 36, 3: 168-185 (July, 1985).

O’Connor, David E. “The Swedish Element in America: Confirming the Trends - the 1980 Census.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 37, 3: 111-125 (July, 1986).

Ohnstad, Asmund. “Emigrantane frå Voss 1847-1849: kvifor drog dei ut?” Gamalt fra Voss, 18: 22-34 (1986).

Ohnstad, Asmund. “Koshkonong, Dane County, Wisconsin, eit framgangsrikt nybyggje.” Gamalt frå Voss, 19: 106-116 (1987).

Opfell, Olga Strandvold. “The Dancing Danes in America.” The Bridge, 9, 1: 36-54 (1986).

Osberg, Edward E. “Reminiscences of Chicago and Englewood.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 36, 3: 200-207 (July, 1985).

Overland, Orm. “Da embetsmannsklassen tok seg til rette i Vesterheimen.” Nytt norsk tidsskrift, 3, 2: 49-61 (1986).

Overland, Orm. “The Fiction of Hans A. Foss: From Norwegian to American Populism.” Scandinavian Literature in a Transcultural Context, Rossel and Steene, eds., 27 1-276.

Overland, Orm, “Norwegian-American Theater and Drama 1865-1885.” Essays in Honour of Kristian Smidt, Peter Bilton et al, eds. (Oslo, 1986), 189-200.

Overland, Orm. “Skandinaven and the Beginnings of Professional Publishing.” Norwegian-American Studies, 31: 187-214 (1986).
The Chicago newspaper Skandinaven fostered Norwegian immigrant literature in the 1860s and 1870s.

Petterson, Lucille, translator and editor. “Ephraim Is My Home Now: Letters of Anna and Anders Petterson, 1884-1889 (Part I).” Wisconsin Magazine of History, 69, 3: 187-2 10 (Spring, 1986); (Part II) 69, 4: 284-304 (Summer, 1986); (Part III) 70, 1: 32-56 (Autumn, 1986); (Part IV) 70, 2: 107-131 (Winter, 1986-1987).
Anders, a Swede, and Anna, a Dane, were both educated in Moravian schools in Germany, he as a missionary and she as a music teacher. After they were married they emigrated to the United States, arriving in Door county, Wisconsin, in October, 1884, to serve the Moravians settled there. These are their letters “home.”

Pfeffer, Paula F. “Homeless Children, Childless Homes.” Chicago History, 16, 1: 51-65 (Spring, 1987).
The Cradle Society of Evanston, Illinois, and the Illinois Children’s Home and Aid Society (ICHAS) were two agencies devoted to the welfare of orphaned and illegitimate children established in the Chicago area with divergent philosophies of adoption. The Cradle was founded by Florence Walrath, a Norwegian American.

Rasmussen, Janet E. “‘The Best Place on Earth for Women’: The American Experience of Aasta Hansteen.” Norwegian-American Studies, 31: 245-267 (1986).
This Norwegian feminist lived in America from 1880 to 1889 and was greatly affected by the more advanced American feminist movement.

Ravenholt, Reimert T. “Hanne Ravnholt - Pioneer Wisconsin Butter-maker.” The Bridge, 10, 1: 5-19 (1987).

“Restored 1856 Homestead,” Country Living, 10,1:70-76 (January, 1987).
Photographic essay about Little Norway, a privately-owned open-air museum in Blue Mounds, Wisconsin.

Richtik, James M. “Chain Migration Among Icelandic Settlers in Canada to 1891.” Scandinavian-Canadian Studies: Etudes Scandinaves au Canada, 2: 73-88 (1986).

Seland, Per. “Hvordan oppspore slektninger i Amerika?” Norsk slekts-bnstorisk tidsskrift, 30, 3: 265-270 (1986).
How do you trace your relatives in America?

Semmingsen, Ingrid. “‘Det norske Amerika - i fortid og nåtid.” Kirke og kultur, 92, 6: 32 1-345 (1984).

Semmingsen, Ingrid. “The Norwegian Immigrant Woman in America - Some Glimpses Through Her Letters.” The Sons of Norway Viking, 84, 4: 140-141, 156-157 (April, 1987).

Semmingsen, Ingrid. “Who was Herm. Wang?” Norwegian-American Studies, 31: 215-243 (1986).
A recounting of the life and career of a Norwegian-American humorist and dissident, Ole S. Hervin, who wrote under the pseudonym Herm. Wang.

Setterdahl, Lily. “Adjusting to America,” The Palimpsest, 68, 5: 136-144 (Fall, 1987).
Ida Jensen Hansen of Ringsaker, Norway, eased the transition to American society for thousands of Scandinavian-American women with her Kvinnen og Hjemmet (Woman and the Home), published in both Norwegian and Swedish editions.

Seyersted, Per. “Hjalmar Hjorth Boyesen: Norwegian-American Writer.” The Norway-America Association Yearbook, 1985, 9-14.

Skårdal, Dorothy Burton. “Danes in America.” Scandinavian Review, 73, 4: 50-59 (Winter, 1985).

Skårdal, Dorothy Burton. “Danish-American Literature in Transition.” The Bridge, 9, 1: 55-69 (1986).

Stang, Cæcilie. “Mønstringsprotokoller som kilde til utvandringshistorien.” Heimen, 24, 2: 96-100 (1987).
Patterns of enlistment and occupation among Norwegian seamen which give insight into emigration history.

Stang, Cæcilie. “Utvandring og arbeidsvandring fra Feda til USA ca. 1850-1950.” Årsskrift. Agder historielag, 62: 52-59 (1986).

Strickon, Arnold. “Norwegians and Tobacco in Wisconsin.” The Norseman, 25, 5: 4-7 (September, 1985).

Sunde, Arne. “Jon Norstog - telemarking, norskdomsforkjempar, blad-mann og diktar i det norske Amerika.” Telemark Historie, 8: 61-70 (1987).

Sween, Roger and Rolf Erickson. “Between the Lines: Family Profile Revealed Through Manuscripts.” Manuscripts, 37, 1: 33-40 (Winter, 1985).
The reassembled archives of a Norwegian-American family are examined.

Trägårdh, Kurt G. “Sven Mattisson Trågårdh, Swedish Labor Leader and Emigrant.” Swedish American Genealogist, 7, 4: 145-158 (December, 1987).

Vaage, Jakob. “Legendary Herman Smith-Johannsen died at the age of 111 years, 6 months and 20 days.” The Norway-America Association Yearbook, 1987, 13-15.

Van der Kloot, Robert. “Right Place, Right Time - The William S. Knudsen Story.” The Bridge, 9, 2: 5-28 (1986).
This Danish American became president of General Motors. During World War II he was called on by President Roosevelt to head the Office of Production Management and later commissioned a Lieutenant General to supervise production for the United States Army.

Vasaasen, Ole K. “Ole K. Vasaasens reisedagbok: Afreisen fra hjemmet.” Gammalt frå Stange og Romedal, 1985, 104-117.
Diary of his journey from Stange in Norway to Otter Tail county, Minnesota, in 1883.

Vickery, Jim Dale. “With deep Norwegian roots, cross-country skiing flourishes in the Midwest.” Cross Country Skier, January, 1987, 44-50.

Volkel, Lowell M., ed. “Genealogical Collections in Illinois.” Illinois Libraries, 68: 243-284 (April, 1986).
A special issue with articles describing the genealogical resources of the Swenson Swedish Immigration Center, Rock Island; the Newberry Library, Chicago; the University of Illinois Library at Urbana-Champaign; the Shawnee Library System, the Peoria Public Library, the Chicago Branch of the National Archives, the Illinois State Historical Library, the Illinois State Library, the Illinois Regional Archives, and the Illinois State Archives. A useful article on using Illinois’ death records is included.

Webb, Anne B. “Forgotten Persephones - Women Farmers on the Frontier.” Minnesota History, 50, 4: 134-148 (Winter, 1986).
A large percentage of homesteads and other farm acquisitions were taken by single women. Among them were Scandinavian immigrants such as Pauline Auzjon from Norway in Grant county, Minnesota, and Emma Satterlund from Sweden in Traverse county, Minnesota.

Wendelius, Lars. “Fredrika Bremer and the Woman Question in America.” Scandinavian Literature in a Transcultural Context, Rossel and Steene, eds., 263-266.

Wiehl, Inga W. “Jens Munk: The Story of a Sailor Who Embraced His Fate.” The Bridge, 8, 2: 16-32 (1985).
A history of the seventeenth-century Danish explorer who sought the Northwest Passage and died at Hudson Bay in 1619.

Winsberg, Morton D. “The Changing Relative Location of the Swedish-Born in the United States, 1850-1980.” The Swedish-American Historical Quarterly, 38, 4: 160-166 (October, 1987).


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