by Beulah Folkedahl (Volume 22: Page 236)
BIRGER OSLAND, Chicago investment
banker, philanthropist, author, promoter of Norwegian Americana,
and treasurer of the Norwegian-American Historical Association
for twenty-five years, presented his papers, one of the largest
collections in the archives, before his death in 1963. Among
the topics are Osland’s work in securing American shareholders
in the Norwegian America Line; various Norwegian societies,
the Norwegian-American Hospital, and the Norwegian Old People’s
Home, all in Chicago; the role taken by Norwegian Americans
in the Century of Progress Exposition; and Norwegian Relief,
Inc., of which he was treasurer. His files on the Norwegian-American
Historical Association contain a wealth of material on the purposes,
policies, and projects of the organization. Some of his correspondents
were Kenneth O. Bjork, Theodore C. Blegen, L. W. Boe, Knut Gjerset,
Marcus L. Hansen, Laurence M. Larson, David T. Nelson, D. J.
Ristad, and Ole E. Rølvaag.
An ANDREW FURTJSETH bibliography compiled at the Library
of Congress is one of the items in the papers of the "Abraham
Lincoln of the seamen."
The HENRY B. HAMRE record books are the accounts and undated
prescription lists of a Northfield, Minnesota, pharmacist.
In the papers of JOHS. JOHANNESEN is an article written by
his daughter, Mrs. Amelia Bakken, about pioneer life in Winneshiek
County, Iowa. It contains names of early settlers, sketches
of families, the story of the founding of the Norwegian Methodist
Church  in the area, and anecdotes about the Civil War,
country schools, and community life.
Letters written by several members of the REYMERT FAMILY
to one another should prove a rich source of biographical
material, especially on James Denoon Reymert, first editor
of Nordlyset. They are in the papers of his nephew, August
Reymert, New York attorney.
A rare document in the PETER A. RASMUSSEN Papers is the letter
of call issued by the Lisbon, Illinois, congregation in 1852,
containing the signatures of the members. The papers, mostly
letters from Rasmussen, reveal his views on education, mission
and lay activity in the church, the St. Olaf-Augsburg controversy,
and life in the Lisbon settlement. There are also letters
from Gjermund Hoyme, John N. Kildahl, and Friedrich A. Schmidt.
CLARA JACOBSON’S "Childhood Memories" (1943) is
a glowing, detailed record of family activities in the Perry
parsonage (Dane County, Wisconsin) during 1868—78. Special
mention is made of Ole Bull, Aamund B. Dahle, John N. Fjeld,
Guibrand Jensvold, Monona Academy, and the devastating tornado
A roster, written by Asbjørn Isaksen of Oslo, of the
names of emigrants to America from Sandsvær and Kongsberg
(1866— 1925), as they appeared in Kongsberg Laagendals posten
(1952—ca. 1954), is an item in the papers of GUSTAV SOLUM,
a resident of Seattle. According to Isaksen this roster, which
includes dates of sailings and occasionally the names of ships,
is neither complete nor accurate.
In the papers of OLE OLSON ØSTERUD are diaries that
include items about farm and church activity at Ostrander,
Minnesota, and letters with references to the Civil War, Wisconsin
pineries, and the migration movement.
Included in the archives is the manuscript material gathered
by John J. Sonsteby, Chicago judge, about the Norwegian Guard
of Chicago and the part it played in the fire of October 8—9,
One of the larger collections, the OSCAR A. TINGELSTAD Papers,
contains data on church colleges in general and on Luther
College and Pacific Lutheran University in particular. Tingelstad,
as a conservative, defended the classical course of study.
He opposed rationalism, evolution, lodges, and church union.
Among the papers are letters from Ole E. Rølvaag. 
Reports by OLE SINGSTAD, internationally famous Norwegian-born
engineer of New York, include one to the New York City Tunnel
Authority on the proposed Narrows vehicular tunnel between
the boroughs of Brooklyn and Richmond, and one to the Washington
Toll Bridge Authority on the Cascade Mountains low-level tunnel
The AAKER FAMILY Papers include a collection of letters written
by a Luther College student during the early 1860’s.
Arne Garborg, the Norwegian author, wrote several letters
to Mabel Johnson Leland of Kenyon, Minnesota, translator of
his Den burtkomne faderen (Christiania, 1899), published in
Boston in 1920 as The Lost Father. The letters discuss practical
aspects of publication.
The account books of GUDMUND SKARTVEDT, realtor, insurance
agent, and farmer of Canton, South Dakota, are included in
GUNHILD ANDRINE JACOBSDATTER LARSON recalls in lively fashion,
in articles written in 1923 and 1925, her passage across the
Atlantic, life in Muskego, Wisconsin, in the 1840’s and 1850’s,
and her marriage in 1856. She mentions Nordlyset, national
politics, and various leaders in the community.
NICOLAY ANDREAS GREVSTAD, editor of Skandinaven, included
in his papers his correspondence as United States minister
to Uruguay and material on such items of Norwegian-American
interest as the Guyman (Oklahoma) settlement, the wheat farmer
in World War I, and the patriotism of the Scandinavian Americans
during the same period.
NILS ENDRESEN BØE (Anderson), Lutheran clergyman,
lived in Wisconsin, Kansas, Illinois, Iowa, and Minnesota.
He was an early graduate of Augsburg Seminary, and his correspondence
offers considerable detail about the problems connected with
Marshall Academy and Augsburg, and with church union. His
correspondents included J. A. Bergh, N. C. Brun, T. H. Dahl,
Gjermund Hoyme, Sven Oftedal, Ole Paulson, Georg Sverdrup,
and August Weenaas.
The ANDREW JOHNSON (Aasen) family of Wiota, Wisconsin, had
correspondence with relatives in California, Illinois, Iowa,
Minnesota, Nevada, South Dakota, and Wisconsin that presents
an over-all picture of the migration movement both in the
country  and in town. The papers include several letters
written by a student at Mount Horeb Academy in the 1890’s.
The policies and publications of the association and the
collecting of artifacts for the Norwegian-American Historical
Museum at Decorah, Iowa, are the chief topics in the papers
of KNUT GJERSET, professor of history at Luther College and
a founder of both the Norwegian-American Historical Association
and the museum.
Account books of the general mercantile retail store at Lisbon,
Illinois, for part of the period 1854—82 contain interesting
data about the buying habits of the local citizens and the
prices of merchandise.
The Gerhard Naeseth transcript of the Norwegian portions
of two reels of microfilm covering the 1844 and 1845 lists
of passengers from Europe offers pertinent information. The
roster, which includes names of ships, dates of sailings,
and ages and Occupations of immigrants, contains well over
a thousand names.
Two items in the MARCUS THRANE Papers are significant: A
bound volume of Dagslyset, a philosophical-religious monthly
journal edited and published by Thrane, that contains most
numbers, January 30, 1870—October, 1873; and a translation
of Wisconsin bibelen done by Linsis Caroline Krook, a granddaughter
The KNUD LANGELAND Papers include items on Langeland’s political
views, his attack on the Norwegian Synod, and the financial
policies of Skandinaven, of which he was the first editor.
A copy of Aaben erklæring, by August Weenaas and Sven
Oftedal, and letters from Rasmus B. Anderson, Ansten K. Nattestad,
and Knute Nelson are other items.
The records of the Norsk Læse og Samtaleforening (Norwegian
Reading and Discussion Society) of Silvana, Washington, include
minutes of meetings, the constitution, membership lists, library
records, and financial accounts.
The files contain some 125 Civil War letters written by Norwegian
Americans in the Northern army. The archives also have information,
compiled by Judge Derwood Johnson, Waco, Texas, from the muster
rolls in the National Archives and Records Service in Washington,
D.C., about Norwegian Americans in the Confederate army.
The Civil War files include an address given in 1900 in Chicago
 by OLE STEENSLAND, a Hollandale, Wisconsin, farmer,
in which he recounts his war experiences — especially those
at Andersonville prison — and an earthy story by OLE GRIMSTVEDT,
a farmer from Dane County, Wisconsin, about hospital life
during the Civil War.
A unique item is a volume of Vossing America letters copied
by LARS NELSON NESHEIM of Voss, Norway, who considered these
letters from Chicago, Ottawa, and Racine so significant that
he transcribed them into books for preservation. Ivar D. Hustvedt,
Cannon Falls, Minnesota, presented them.
The LARS A. ROSSING Papers offer clues to the economic life
of a rural community in southern Wisconsin during the late
nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Rossing was a storekeeper
The OLE E. RØLVAAG Papers (about eight thousand items)
include correspondence from Waldemar Ager, L. W. Boe, Peter
J. Eikeland, Einar Haugen, Theodore Jorgenson, and Julius
Olson, among others, as well as many Rølvaag letters.
Among the manuscripts of articles in the Rølvaag Papers
are "The Peer Strømme I Knew," by Helen Egilsrud,
and two papers by Rølvaag: "Kildahl ved St. Olaf"
and "Hvis det er sandt." The latter deals with the
Among the papers of OLAF OLSEN, ship machinist and engineer
of Hillsdale, New Jersey, are 123 diaries, logbooks, and notebooks
from 1885 to 1917. Olsen was employed on both international
and coastwise shipping.
A valuable item is the diary of the late REVEREND CARL K.
SOLBERG, a Lutheran clergyman in Chicago, Minneapolis, and
South Dakota. He was strongly interested in evangelism, temperance,
and Christian missions among the Jews. His diary covers most
of the period between 1892 and 1945, and includes his student
days at St. Olaf College and at Luther Theological Seminary.
MAGNUS LARSEN, draftsman and designer, in letters written
1887—99, criticizes the inequalities in American society and
gives detailed accounts of his unpleasant experiences in metropolitan